Images and testimony related to the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany in October 1946. Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during the years of World War II. Reference to testimony of Kenaris and Hans Frank in describing Nazi policies and methods for exterminating Poles and others. Pictures recording the implementation and results of Nazi policies; atrocities and murder of victims in Ouradour Sur Glane in France, in Bande in Belgium, in the Catacombe of San Callisto in Italy and in Czechoslovakia. Nazi forces seen leveling and destroying the town of Lidice in Czechoslovakia in 1942 in retaliation for the assassination of SS Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich. Corpses of the victims of the Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz, in 1945. Bones of humans in crematory ovens. Cramped starved camp victims in barracks. Stacks of luggage and suitcases of victims at a concentration camp, along with locks of hair, stacks of toothbrushes. Shaving cream brushes, shoes, clothing, and finally, piles of bones of camp victims. Testimony of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss (sometimes spelled Höß or Hoess or Hess) describes concentration camps at Auschwitz in Poland. As scenes of victims in hospitals are shown, testimony of Rudolf Hoess is read, describing medical experiments include lowering the body temperature, injecting the body with poisons and infectious diseases and subjecting the body to high altitude pressure chambers. Shows pile of mutilated corpses.The "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign over the camp entrance of Auschwitz. Scenes of dead victims of Nazi brutality in the concentration camps.
Portion of the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. Flashback scenes to a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during World War II. Chief prosecutor from Russia, Roman A Rudenko, presents Counts 3 and 4 against the convicted Nazi criminals; charging commitment of war crimes in Germany and countries which Germany occupied; including abuse, starvation, and execution of prisoners of war. Faces of convicts in the courtroom are shown, including Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess (or Heß), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Flashback scenes shows German soldiers serving on screening teams, searching and separating eastern front prisoners of war. Group of Russian soldier prisoners being force run marched, following behind a German tank beside a prison camp. Aerial view through German bomber window of large numbers of Russian soldier prisoners assembled. Ground level views of overcrowded prison grounds filled with prisoners. German General Erwin von Lahousen on the witness stand during Nuremberg trials giving testimony about his attendance at conferences where crimes against populations were plotted. View of Wilhelm Canaris, Goering and Hitler in meeting room in discussion with German officers. Next scene shows a farmhouse and farm buildings. A car is parked beside a farm building with metal pipes extending from the automobile exhaust system, through the exterior wall of the farm building (to gas occupants with carbon monoxide). Starved, emaciated Polish prisoners from Nazi concentration camps arrive riding on the back of a horse cart. German staff in white coats made to look like medical staff assist naked and emaciated men and child prisoners climbing down from the horse cart. They put robes over some victims. They lead them to the door of the farm building. Next scene shows the car running poison gas into the building. Scene of homes in a village burning in flames as German soldiers watch.
Opening scene, in 1946, is the courtroom where Nazi officials are being tried for war crimes at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, where the procecutor has completed charges 3 and 4, concluding the indictment against them. Sitting in first row of the dock are Hermann Göring (or Goering) (hidden behind soldier), Rudolf Hess, Joachim Von Ribbentrop, and William Keitel. The camera focuses on Franz Sauckel, as he is identified as the Nazi slave labor chief. Supporting documents are shown. Scenes of workers being rounded up and working on shipping docks, emptying rail cars, repairing railroads, and digging in open pit mines, under Nazi military guard. Next are shown views of Hermann Goering walking in an occupied village in 1942, overseeing the confiscation of all the livestock. Dr. Wilhelm Frick is shown. He is charged with eliminating elderly, insane, or uncureable sick Germans, considered "Useless Eaters" and subject to Nazi euthanasia programs. Several frail persons are shown. Crosses are shown marking burial places of these persons outside the institutions in which they died. Next, several German Jewish men in civilian clothes are seen rushing to a work site where they are put to work digging with shovels under direction of a Nazi military officer. Scene shifts to Nazi Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung) harrassing German Jewish shopkeepers, writing anti Jewish messages on the windows, encouraging boycott, and preventing their businesses from operating. More views of Nazi Storm Troopers causing trouble in the streets. Next seen is Hermann Goering reading some dictates as Hitler and Hess, along with other Nazi officials, sit in attendance. The so called "blood purity" rules define German citizens narrowly and prohibit marriage between "German Citizens" and Jews. An unseen audience roars its approval. German Jews are next seen being rounded up and mistreated. Back at the trial, the prosecutor speaks of Nazi SS Brigadier General Jürgen Stroop cleaning out the Warsaw Ghetto, in Warsaw, Poland, in utter ruthlessness in 1943. Scenes of people being driven and dragged out, and the entire place being dynamited afterward. Buildings burning and people leaving with injured on a stretcher. Scenes of Nazi agents and military chasing Jews from sewers using tear gas and driving them from buildings using light tanks and armored vehicles. Back in the courtroom, Rudolf Hess is seen describing how Nazi doctors would screen arrested Jews as they entered concentration camps. Views of crowds of Jews entering a camp. A large group of Jewish children at a camp. On hold up her arm to reveal her tattoo number on her arm. More views of women and children moving through outside paths of a concentration camp. Views of so-called camp shower baths in which prisoners were killed by poison gas. Naked prisoners lying and sitting in a shower room. Bodies of the dead stacked up in a room. View of gold from rings and teeth of the dead. Canvas bags and chests containing the loot. Closeup of corpses. Bodies being loaded and unloaded from flatbed trucks and being dragged by camp inmates and thrown into mass graves. Back in the courtroom, the Prosecutor says:"The Prosecution Rests."
Nazi rise to power, rearmament and remilitarization of Germany leading up to World War 2, and actions related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin. Joseph Goebbels at desk during the Nuremberg Trials. Hans Bernd Gisevius, former official of the Berlin police administration, testifies concerning his investigation of the Reichstag fire. Hans Gisevius relates how Goebbels recruited reliable Nazis to intentionally burn down the Reichstag as a propaganda stunt to help the Nazi movement. Nuremberg War Trial defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Close up of Herman Goring. Footage showing firefighters spraying water on smoking ruins of Reichstag following Reichstag fire in 1933. A German police officer stands guard at the smoking ruins of the Reichstag. View from a high ridge of League of Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, and then inside the League of Nations meeting chamber during the disarmament conference of 1933. View of a Nazi submarine launching in 1934. Steel mill operations and Industrial war materiel operations in Germany in the early 1930's as Germany rearmed and restarted war production. A Nazi party meeting in Germany where General Werner von Blomberg announces compulsory military service. View of legal document describing new military service law. View of newly recruited (conscripted) civilian German men with suitcases marching forward report for mandatory military training. Nazi forces in training march goosestep at training camp; Junkers 52 aircraft in background. Soldiers goosestep while walking bicycles in a line. Nazi troops trained. Scenes of remilitarization of Rhineland, violating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as Nazi troops in 1936 march over the Hohenzollern Bridge crossing the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral rising in the background.
A Nazi Party meeting in Nuremberg, Germany in 1927. Nazis march, carrying a banner announcing their march from Berlin to Nuremberg during July and August of 1927, despite a ban. Adolf Hitler on the street in Nuremberg, as marchers come along with their banner. Hitler stands with Ernst Roehm, leader of the Storm troopers. Troopers stand with banner topped by swastika and letters: NSDAP, for the National Socialist German Worker's Party (Nazi party). Banner beneath says simply: Germany-Wake up! Adolf Hitler and Rudolf Hess (or Heß) walk together. Views of Julius Streicher, an influential antisemitic publisher and Nazi party member. Hitler stands at front of an assembly of party members on a staircase, and then steps into an open car with some and drives off. Columns of Nazis line up in an open field. A marching band plays. A quote from a newspaper, of August 22, 1927,extols the Nazi rally for its thought and strict militaristic discipline. Trumpeters play, as Hitler stands on hillside with large contingent of Nazis. Many banners are displayed. Hitler speaks to the assembly saying in effect, that Germany's freedom will be resurrected just as the people and the fatherland will be reborn, more powerful than ever. The party members parade. Hitler gives Nazi salute. He is wearing iron cross decoration on his shirt.
Scenes from Nuremberg Trials, including footage of prior events being discussed in the trials. Nazi officer reads an announcement to Hilter and Nazi leadership confirming the March 7, 1936 occupation and remilitarization of the Rhineland by the German Army, and the loyalty of the German Army. German Army rally and parade is held in Nuremberg. Soldiers march and goosestep, along with Nazi leadership such as Hermann Goering, while Hitler speaks assuring peaceful intentions by Germany. German officials Goering, Rader, and von Neurath arrive at special meeting with Hitler and Generals von Blomberg and von Fritsch in November 1937 to plan conquer of Czechoslovakia and Austria. Tall meeting chamber doors under armed guard. Scenes from February 1938 Berchtesgaden meeting arranged by von Papen with Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg, Hitler, Keitel, and von Ribbentrop walking on grounds. Car approaches Berghof. Guido Schmidt, former foreign minister of Austria seen at the meeting, and then seen on stand testifying at Nuremberg trials concerning Hitler's decision to annex Austria. Scenes of German troops marching and a night-time rally parade in Austria. View of Schuschnigg on March 9, 1938 at podium during meeting announcing a plebiscite vote on Austrian independence. Views of German newspaper headlines denouncing the plebiscite and demanding Schuschnigg's resignation. Crowd surrounds new Chancellor Arthur von Seyss-Inquart with Nazi salutes following Schuschnigg's resignation. Next is scenes of March 12, 1938 German Anschluss annexation of Austria. Initial German forces seen meeting some resistance by Austrian citizens. Germany army rolling into Austria and dismantling border gates. Hitler memo announces intent to annex Czechoslovakia. Operation Green leader Konrad Henlein seen walking in parade with officials. Scenes of Munich Pact signing ceremony. Czech President Hacha walks with Nazi leaders and enters car for meeting to hear German ultimatum. Map shows lands grabbed by German