Allied campaign in Italy during World War 2. A map depicts crossing of the Sangro Valley by the Allied Army and attack on the town of Ortona. Troops of the Canadian 1st Infantry Division, 2nd Infantry Brigade, enter the town of Ortona and fight against the elements of the German 1st Parachute Division, defending the town. Artillery being fired. Soldiers fighting in the streets. Damaged and destroyed buildings in the town after the German have been driven out after a bitter battle..
Opening scene shows British artillerymen bombarding the Italian town of Ortona, on the Adriatic coast of Italy, which is held by paratroops of the German 1st Parachute Division in World War 2. Closeups of British soldier operating 155mm gun. British officers planning the barrage. Battery of guns firing. View of shells striking Ortona, along the coastline. Heavy guns firing from under camouflage netting. Smoke rising from artillery strikes. Scene shifts to Allied occupied airfield in Foggia, on the coast, South of Ortona, where P-40 aircraft of the 99th Fighter Squadron are preparing to fly in support of the Ortona offensive. (This U.S Army Air Forces unit is comprised entirely of African American pilots and support personnel.) Closeups of airmen fueling and arming the aircraft, and of pilots gathered in a mission briefing. 99th Squadron aircraft taking off and departing overhead in formations. View from the British artillery position of numerous bombs bursting on Ortona. Film shifts to the Central Front in Italy where U.S. forces are engaged in the Battle of San Pietro. Views of American artillery bombarding German positions in San Pietro. Closeups of numerous U.S. guns being fired. An ejected shell flies through the air from a U.S. Sherman tank during the bombardment. Views of U.S. troops passing a Sherman tank as they enter San Pietro and begin searching for booby traps in the wreckage of the town. Closeup of a soldier dismantling a booby trap. German aircraft sweep overhead and bomb the town. American soldiers dig out a buddy who was buried by a bomb burst, but rescued unhurt. He smiles for the camera. Casualties of the fighting, including many civilians are carried on stretchers and assisted. Local residents are seen grieving over fallen relatives and friends. Groups of townspeople stand along a hillside and watch as Italian soldiers join with the Allies in the fighting. Jeeps are seen navigating the muddy mountain trails as far as possible. Then further movement requires the use of mules. Troops are seen with mule trains. Soldiers shoulder heavy ammunition crates and slog uphill with them over a muddy mountain trail.
Refugees dwell in caves near Naples in Italy. Men, women and children outside their houses in caves. Children aligned to collect food from United States soldiers. Soldiers give out flour and other provisions to women refugees. Oil pipelines running from ship to shores. Canadian artillerymen attack Ortona in Italy. Dead soldiers. Canadian soldiers place land mines in ground. Tanks fire. Troops patrol in the town. Prisoners held.
The 1944 U.S. Presidential election in 1944, during World War 2. Newsboy hawks newspaper extra edition, with headline referring to "Nip and Tuck" race. View of Times Square in Manhattan, New York City, at twilight, as lights begin to turn on. Wooden barricades seen set up in front of some establishments to protect against damage from large crowds anticipated as election returns come in. Moving illuminated sign on the Times building reads: "Nearly 45 per cent of Bronx and Manhattan voters said to have cast ballots." Two men look up at the sign. Officials open a voting machine and begin to report information. At another location officials remove paper ballots from their precinct box. A radio announcer reviewing results and reporting them over the air. A woman is seen entering voter returns in chalk, on a national tote board. Citizens gathered to watch results. American soldier listening to results over a radio, in Italy and France. Newscasters reporting on radio as the returns come in. An American family seated in their living room listening to voting returns reports on their radio. Crowds surging in Times Square as returns indicate likely victory for Roosevelt. Crowd in Times Square including many American service members in uniform.
Allied campaign against the Axis in 1944 during World War II. People gathered outside the Colosseum in Rome, Italy celebrate their liberation from Nazi occupation. Allied soldiers in trucks move past the cheering crowds. Pope Pius XII addresses the people from a balcony. Victory parade in Paris, France at the Arc de Triomphe on 26 August, 1944. People cheer as they carry banners. In Bucharest, Romania soldiers loaded onto trucks drive past crowds cheering after their liberation. On 3 September, 1944 people cheer on the streets of Brussels, Belgium as Allied troops enter. In Belgrade, Yugoslavia on October 20, 1944 people celebrate their liberation. In Athens, Greece women carry a Greek flag and a flag being hoisted after their liberation.
Allied campaign in Italy during World War 2. Supreme Commander of the Allied forces General Dwight D. Eisenhower emerges from War Room tent, with General Mark Clark, on the central front in Italy. An officer briefs the General. A map of Italy depicts the location of Cassino and Rome. The map depicts the course of the Rapido River and the Allied strategy to drive away the Germans from the area. Allied soldiers fight in the streets and at "Hangmans Hill". British soldiers in combat. British medics try to assist a wounded comrade. Damaged buildings and wounded soldiers. A map of Italy depicts Allied landings at Anzio. An LST ( Landing Ship Tank) beached at Anzio as American and British troops unload. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General Field Marshal Albert Kesselring of Germany. Allied equipment advances in Anzio. German soldier divisions are seen advancing on roads to attack the new Allied threat to their flank. German Luftwaffe fighters seen overhead as they bomb an Allied convoy in a harbor in Anzio. Aerial closeup of German Junkers JU 87 dive bomber aircraft as it dives toward Allied ships. On ship view of Allied navy guns on ships opening fire on attacking Nazi German airplanes. View from beach of may explosions at and near Allied ships in harbor. Aerial view of formation of German aircraft diving toward battle. Closeup view of British antiaircraft gun operator as he sights cross hairs and presses foot control to open fire on German aircraft. Buildings and military vehicles near Allies on beach blown up and on fire during air raid. A DUKW ( amphibious truck ) burns in a street. Allied soldiers fight against the Germans, holding the beach. The Allies lay down an artillery barrage. Dead and injured soldiers of the Allied Army. Ship packed with injured U.S. Army soldiers on the deck moves toward a hospital ship anchored off shore. Allied prisoner soldiers (most American POWs) taken prisoner by the Germans are marched on a street under German guard. In Cassino, Germans continue to hold Benedictine Monastery atop hill in Cassino. Aerial view of American B-27 bomber aircraft as Allied air raid drops bombs on and near the Abbey to drive out the Germans. Bombs impact and billows of smoke rise up. Nearly 543 Allied aircraft bombard the city of Cassino one month later to attack the remaining Nazis. Allied forces prepare for an all out assault. Supply convoys seen moving on roads toward front. British and Polish troops marching toward front. Additional American forces marching. French Expeditionary Corps soldiers taking up positions. Equipment arrives and soldiers being regrouped for the assault. The assault is launched and Allied artillery fire seen lighting up the sky at night with brilliant flashes and explosions on May 11, 1944. Allied commander Field Marshal Harold Alexander looks on as Allied forces push forward on the morning of May 12.