Archaeological expedition of the Hebrew University in Palestine, Israel. The team discovers a city burned by Joshua and restored by King Salomon. Students of the Hebrew University work at site. Reassembled pieces of pottery. Board reads 'The Hebrew University, Jerusalem'.
Scenes from the Hungarian Revolution of 1956: A revolution against the Stalinist government in 1956 in Hungary. Aerial view of Budapest in 1956. Communist leader Mátyás Rákosi addressing a crowd in a public square. Rakosi not yet challenged by uprising. Hungarian Revolution demonstrators on roads and at government buildings in Budapest. Students and writers assembled in October 1956 in solidarity with the recently successful anti-Stalinist uprising in Poland. The police fire at revolutionaries. Fighting in streets as secret police combat revolutionaries.
The 1956 National Convention of the Democratic Party in Chicago, Illinois. Former President Harry S. Truman and his wife Bess, taking seats at the convention.Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, taking her seat. Democratic Party National Chairman, Paul M. Butler standing behind and below the podium as convention prepares to get underway. Amphitheater is filled with seated delegates, as they are called to order. Delegates standing and applauding, following the keynote speech of Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee,who touches the Tennessee delegate identification pole as it is thrust toward him.. Delegates waving poles displaying their respective State Names.
National Chairman of the United Palestine Appeal, Doctor Abba Hillel Silver gives a speech in New York City, United States. He holds several documents in his hands. He talks about building a new hope for the Jews by upbringing of Palestine. He expresses hope that American Jewry will raise funds. United Palestine Appeal aims to aid in resettling of Jews in Palestine.
A Mercedes auto exhibition in Poznan Poland in June 1956 before unrest took hold during Polish uprising of 1956. Flags of various nations at the show and Mercedes cars on display. A rebellion leader arrives and addresses demonstrators gathered in Poznan to protest the Soviet-led Communist government in Poland. Aerial view of Poznan Poland in 1956. Tanks of Soviet military arrive and are seen among the demonstrators. A court room during trial of the demonstrators' leaders. Workers and demonstrators gathering and meeting. Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev arrives in Poland. His plane is seen landing and he walks down the steps from the plane to the tarmac. Wladyslaw Gomulka is tapped to lead the Communist party in Poland. He is seen speaking to a group assembled. Image of Konstantin Rokossovsky who Gomulka had removed from power after he had led military actions against the reform demonstrators in Poznan. Citizens in Poland celebrate Gomulka's ascension as Communist party leader and his anti-Stalinist reforms. Soviet tanks depart from Poland. English Newspaper headline "Poles sweep Stalinists from Power, Gomulka heads Freedeom Setup." A priest accepts flowers and gifts from people celebrating the return of freedom of religion in Poland.
U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.