Men work assembling transmissions on an automobile production line. John L. Lewis, President of the United Mine Workers Union, giving a speech supporting formation of the Congress of Industrial organizations (CIO). Group of workers gather to listen to a union speaker. Many wear miners hats. Cheering Union workers march in street carrying posters reading: "Long-Live the C.I.O." and "Forward eith C.I.O." Leaders of the early C.I.O., Sidney Hillman,President of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA); Philip Murray, Vice President of the C.I.O.; and John L. Lewis, C.I.O. President, circa 1938. David Dubinsky, President of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU); along with Sidney Hillman, and John L. Lewis, are seen mingling with clothing workers. View of a steel mill from workers' residential street on a snowy day. Steel worker in a mill. Deckhand and an engine man aboard a merchant ship. Roustabouts and riggers at an oil well. Nonferris metal miner in rail car. Worker in tire factory. Electrical worker. Union leader speaking to group of workers carrying banner reading: "Shirt workers, Local 128 Allentown, Pennsylvania Joint Board." Labor organizers passing out leaflets to workers leaving a factory. Labor discussions with workers at lunch tables. Draftsman preparing labor organization signs calling for "Sanitary Conditions" and "Fair Play." Working women singing a union song. Union workers marching and carrying signs for various causes. Man riding a bicycle displaying sign:"Don't Scab." Car overloaded with people with sign: "Come To Lafollette Labor Rally Monday, July 5, 1937." ACWA workers of Local 95, Atlas Plant. UMWA members of Lafollette, Tennessee. Miners playing cards and playing musical instruments. Miners on strike below in mine for 5 days, cheer leader. Poster encouraging Americans to travel and visit in the USA. Police injure several persons during labor protests in San Francisco. U.S. Army soldiers arresting a civilian and throwing tear gas grenades.
A United States Navy fleet review in the early 1930s. Men and the crew at deck of USS Pennsylvania. Guests of Admiral Leigh (Commander in Chief) on bridge, watch formation. Views of USS Raleigh, USS Detroit and ships in formation in sea. USS Augusta and some sailboats in fleet. Other ships of fleet in formation, small launch underway. Battleships in single column, led by USS California.
Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop
Nellie Tayloe Ross, the 28th Director of the Mint, and Employees at the United States Mint, Department of Treasury oversee the first shipment of government gold from the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia to the U.S. Bullion Depository at Fort Knox, Kentucky. Clip shows casting and weighing of government gold, at the U.S. Mint facility in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Nellie Tayloe Ross seen speaking and seated at a desk with other officials nearby. Mint officials check the quality and dimensions of a cast gold bar to be transported to Fort Knox in Kentucky. Gold molded into bars by ram machines. Nellie Tayloe Ross signs papers. Molding machines and employees at work. Molten gold in a kiln. Man casts it into gold bars. Officials and armed guards keep an eye on the process. Gold bars are placed on one side of a large scale and weighed. Exterior view of the U.S. Mint department building in Philadelphia. View is of the third U.S. Mint building in Philadelphia, North facade, facing Spring Garden Street (building later owned by the Community College of Philadelphia, as of 1973). Late 1930's automobiles seen passing by the U.S. Mint on Spring Garden Street.
Ford Model T cars being driven out the exit door of the Highland Park factory, Michigan,circa 1916. Numerous Model T cars driving on both sides of a divided highway. The Ford Highland Park Plant, circa 1920. Panoramic exterior views of the Ford River Rouge plant and factory buildings, circa 1930. A Ford Freighter ship, docked at the River Rouge plant. A view of the home of Henry and Clara Ford, at 66 Edison Road (now 140) Dearborn, Michigan, in 1914. Sketch of children coming home from school, singing song from McGuffey reader school book. View of schoolroom with McGuffey readers on desk. Street scene outside Ford Plant, during shift change, and street filled with workers. A car driving on empty road in Sudbury, Massachusetts. The historic Wayside Inn (immortalized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Tales of the Wayside Inn") which Henry Ford purchased in 1923, to preserve for posterity. View of the original Pennsylvania Railroad Station in New York City, circa 1912. View of crowded sidewalks and street on 5th Avenue, and other street scenes in New York City, circa 1920. Model T Ford cars driving in U.S. National Parks. A visitor feeding a bear from his Ford car, as a Park Ranger stands nearby. People in Ford Model T, stopped by side of road to pick wild flowers. Two men remove a seat back from their Model T car to make a camper. Both men lying down in the car. Man carrying picnic basket from Ford Model T, parked beside a beach, where he joins the rest of his party on the sand. Children run along the beach, and stop to play with seaweed.
Exterior view of Pan American Union Building in Washington DC, with a 1930s Packard four door sedan-limousine parked in front. A man entering the building. Jefferson Caffery, U.S. Ambassador to Brazil, seated in an office and reviewing paperwork. Narrator describes the creation of the Good Neighbor Fleet (where Moore-McCormack Lines, also called Mooremack, was contracted to run three ocean liners of the U.S. Maritime Commission between the USA and South America, called the Good Neighbor Fleet.) Close up picture of brochure advertising the new fleet, and picturing the three ships (The California, Virginia and Pennsylvania from the former Panama Pacific Line, with new names Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina.) Next scene shows 3 men meeting (this is possibly Moore-McCormack Lines founder Albert V. Moore, on right, seated at a table and in discussion, possibly with U.S. Maritime officials. Man on left is possibly Emmet McCormack.) Passengers aboard liner SS Brazil as it departs port. Crowd on docks wave at the ship leaving New York harbor. View from on board SS Brazil in New York Harbor as a nearby tug boat sprays water. Skyline and skyscrapers of New York City's Manhattan Island seen in background. Map of South America showing route of a Good Neighbor ship. Good Neighbor Fleet ships at a harbor in South America. U.S. State Department diplomats in South America beside one of the ships as fleet service is inaugurated. Exterior view of Pan American Union building and its sign in Washington DC (later called the building of the Organization of American States). President Ortiz of Argentina, President Alfredo Baldomir of Uruguay, and President Vargas of Brazil are shown in discussion with various officials.