Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Bombed buildings in Berlin, Germany shortly after the end of World War II in Europe. Berliners walking along sidewalks past skeletons of bombed out buildings in Berlin, in July, 1945. Rubble has been cleared from sidewalks and streets, but is piled up alongside. Two women ride in a horse-drawn wagon, carrying what appear to be household goods. The damaged Potsdamer Bahnhof railway terminus station. People in the foreground. Ruins of damaged buildings in the area of Potsdamer Platz. Lettering atop the railroad station building reads 'Potsdamer Bahnhof'. Rubble strewn on both sides of the street, and pedestrians pass by along with a few horse drawn wagons. No motor vehicles are seen.
Allied tank and tank destroyer firing and Allied infantry in Germany during World War 2. British, American, and Soviet troops escorting German Prisoners of war at the end of the War. Animated map shows line where U.S. and Russian troops met.and zones of occupation in Germany and Berlin. It depicts routs of access into the Soviet zone of Berlin View from a vehicle driving through utterly destroyed part of Germany in 1945. Germans cooking on outdoor fire in a city street, and trying to clear some debris in a bucket brigade. Bus service being restored and German citizens boarding. Vehicle traffic moving with a German policeman directing. Doctors perform physical examination of a German youth as a group of German boys wait in queue for examination. Soviet Leader, Joseph Stalin, with U.S. President, Harry Truman, British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, at the Potsdam Conference. Children receiving soup at a school in Berlin. Animated map shows routes through the Soviet occupation zone, used by Western Allies, to supply essential food and supplies througn the Soviet zone of occupation to sustain West Berliners. It then depicts Soviet action blockading the road and rail routes to isolate West Berlin. Views of empty roads, rails, and canals. A DC-3 (US Air Force c-47) transport aircraft taking off. Men loading supplies on aircraft for delivery to West Berlin. A C-54 transport airplane taking off. A British Short S.25 Sunderland flying boat carrying cargo in the Berlin Airlift. Troops carrying supplies for airlift. A British Avro York transport aircraft taking off. A warehouse filled with barrels for Berlin. View from overflying airplane. Trucks resuming travel to Berlin after the Soviets finally lift the 9-month blockade. Normal supplies of food seen again, in West Berlin shops. Vehicle stopped at a checkpoint. Sign warning that: "You are leaving the American Sector." and similar ones at the French and British sector borders. Old road sign pointing to Potsdam, next to one warning of entering the Russian zone. Traffic moving between East and West Berlin.
A crowd enjoys fireworks in Red Square, Moscow, Soviet Union, at night. Past events show Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom in Tehran, Iran for the Tehran Conference of 1943. U.S. President Harry S. Truman in Germany during the Potsdam Conference of 1945. The Grand Kremlin Palace in Moscow, Soviet Union. Soviet people along a street in Moscow. Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union, Vyacheslav Molotov with others applauding at the Bolshoi theater, in Moscow. Anti-soviet disorders. Street cars being overturned. (Hungary?).
Events surrounding the surrender of Japan during World War II. Scene from the Potsdam Conference meeting. Group of dignitaries together including Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin. U.S. President Harry S. Truman and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, in discussion. A parade in Moscow showing Soviet military might (these scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade just before Germany's surrender). Scene changes to Japanese Emperor Hirohito riding on a white horse in a procession. Next scene shows dignitaries arriving for meeting at the White House in Washington D.C. U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson, Secretary of State James Byrnes and Secretary of Navy James Forrestal meet at the White House. Close up view of Secretary Forrestal. View of President Truman with his cabinet in a meeting. Scenes from prior months showing dignitaries involved in the war: Close up of the late President Franklin Roosevelt. A scene of President Roosevelt shaking hands with several Soviet military officers. General Douglas MacArthur seated and talking to President Roosevelt. Close up view of Chairman of Nationalist Government of China, Chiang Kai Shek. View of U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz shaking hands with a sailor. Views of President Truman meeting in emergency session with his cabinet, and his announcement of the Japanese surrender. View of former Secretary Hull at that meeting. President Truman standing as he reads from a bulletin confirming the Japanese acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Agreement and their agreement to unconditional surrender. View of media, press, and newsmen running from the White House to file the happy news story. New Yorkers rejoice at the end of war. Daytime scenes of happy, jubilant celebrations on Victory over Japan day, or V-J Day, in the Times Square area of New York City. Crowds cheering, people dancing, soldiers, sailors, and citizens waving hands and American flags. A neon sign with message "Japs Surrender". View of night time celebrations at Times Square as the crowd continues to celebrate VJ Day.