Iceland becomes a republic during World War II. Tents set up for citizens of Iceland outside the city of Reykjavik. Citizens gather for the ceremony marking the proclamation of Iceland as a republic. President Sveinn Bjornsson and the Bishop of Iceland as the new republic is formed. American commander on Iceland General William Key watches the ceremonies.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill is seen on the balcony of the Alþingi (Parliament House) in Reykjavik, Iceland on August 17, 1941, when he visited during voyage home from the Atlantic Conference in Newfoundland, in World War 2. To his left are Icelandic Prime Minister Hermann Jonasson and Regent Sveinn Björnsson. Churchill appears to make brief remarks to a group of civilian Icelanders assembled in the plaza below. The crowd is passive. Some take photographs. (Iceland is under British occupation at this time.)
United States Naval convoy underway at a sea en route to Iceland, prior to U.S. entry into World War 2. Heavy seas flooding deck of troop transport ship. Soldiers on the deck of a ship. U.S. destroyer escorts are seen, including a 4-stacker. A U.S. flag flutters from ship's bridge. Supplies are unloaded and placed in military vehicles. Cartons of caned food and other provisions being piled up on the docks. American soldiers climb rope ladder from small boats to the dock. Sailors toss some of the supplies from small boats to others on the dock. Commander of Allied forces in Iceland, British Major General Henry Osborne Curtis, escorts U.S. Major General, Charles H. Bonsteel, in review of a unit of British soldiers. Buildings along the sides of a street in the Icelandic Capital City, Reykjavík. Civilians walk on the streets. U.S. sailors walking on sidewalks of the city. A British Hawker Hurricane aircraft landing on airstrip. A machine gun emplacement at side of the runway. Military quarters surrounded by mud. A soldier walks from row of Quonset Huts. An air alert sounds. British troops respond in armored cars equipped with mounted antiaircraft guns. Soldiers taking up positions in trenches and manning a large antiaircraft gun. A soldier aircraft spotter wearing headset and talking on radio. Beside him are charts of aircraft identification silhouettes. A formation of aircraft overhead. Waterfront scene with boats in water. A camouflaged machine gun emplacement. A sentry on duty.
1000th birthday of the Arctic Domain in Reykjavik, Iceland. The King of Denmark, Christian and Crown Prince of Sweden, Gustaf Adolf attend an opening of the Parliament. King Christian arrives at the ceremony with his female companion. Dignitaries pose for a group photograph. People in medieval dresses sit for the ceremony.
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler's companion Eva Braun's family on holiday in Iceland. They visit an active geothermal region where steam issues from beneath a rock. They gather with a large number of spectators to witness a geyser eruption. Some of the spectators scatter to avoid getting wet. The geyser rises to a considerable height and then gradually abates. Other scenes are in the Capital City Reykjavik. A woman in traditional dress walks along the street. A sign reads: "Vorugeymsla" (Warehouses, in Icelandic).
U.S. President Ronald Reagan addresses the nation in Washington DC. The seal of the President of the United States. President Ronald Reagan addresses the nation after his meeting with General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev in Reykjavik, Iceland. He talks about the Arms Reduction Policy and ballistic missile elimination. President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev also discussed the SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative). They agreed on eliminating the ballistic missiles to 50 percent in five years. They also had talks on how to maintain peace between both the countries.