U.S. 339th Infantry soldiers are led by their brass band playing a mournful dirge as they march slowly during a funeral procession in Archangel, Russia, during the Allied North Russia Intervention of World War 1. In a separate sequence, they are seen parading along with U.S. sailors, in Memorial Day, celebrations, 1919. A streetcar approaches in the background. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Government suppression of Bolsheviks before the 1917 abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, in Russia, and by German forces in post-war Latvia, in 1919. Imperial Russian troops intrude on a gathering of persons ostensibly opposed to Tsarist policies. Slate states such persons are accused of "Pro-Germanism." View of a damaged prison building and high guard tower. View of women and children in a large common cell of the prison. View of prison wall from outside, with barred windows evident. Women walking about inside the prison, as an Imperial Russian guard walks past the cell. View through a barred window. The final short sequence was filmed near Riga, on May 26, 1919, by American Army cameraman, Lieutenant Johnson, who was in Latvia as part of a U.S. post-war relief effort. It shows three Latvian Bolshevik soldiers facing a German firing squad. Boots of the condemned (which were valuable) have been removed. The firing squad executes the Latvian soldiers. Next, the bodies of the victims are seen in a ditch where they had fallen. (Note: This entire film includes a mix of staged theatrical and documentary scenes from various sources, times, and places.)
Military band (not playing) leads U.S. soldiers of the 339th Infantry, in loose formation, through wooded area to a cemetery in a field near a church in Archangel (Arkhangelsk) during the Allied North Russia Intervention of World War 1. Several officers (unidentifiable) are standing on a raised stand. Two large crosses are seen behind them. Scene changes completely, to American Memorial Day ceremony at Archangel,in 1919. Allied officers occupy stands decorated with colors of the participating Entente powers. The military band is located nearby. A speaker's stand is set up and ostensibly occupied by Brigadier General Wilds P. Richardson and British Field Marshal Edmund Ironside. (But they cannot be recognized in the distance) A horse and carriage are seen in the far background. Soldiers, sailors, and civilians are in attendance. The ceremony begins with everyone saluting colors held by an honor guard. Then, a squad of American soldiers fires a three-salvo salute with their rifles. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Crowds surround Soviet Red Army soldiers heading toward the Polish front following rising tensions that finally broke into open war (the Polish-Soviet war) in 1919. Red Army soldiers march across Red Square, in Moscow, Russia. The Kremlin and St. Basil's cathedral are seen in background. People carry various banners. A military band leads a contingent of soldiers in a parade along a street, followed by soldiers literally marching under a banner of "Communism." Elsewhere, on Red Square, people are assembled and hold banners. Scene shifts to Voskresenskaya Square (now Revolution Square) where huge crowd is gathered around the Memorial to Marx and Engels, which is placarded with a sign and surrounded by several persons holding large flags aloft. Camera pans across the square where people seem to be enjoying the festivities.
Russian leader Lenin seen among the crowd. Lenin addressing the crowd. He is shown giving speech to an assembly of soldiers. 13 March 1919.
Vladimir Lenin addressing delegates at meeting of the Second Congress of the Communist International, held in the Tauride (Tavrichesky) Palace, in Moscow, on July 19, 1920. Some illuminated candles on tables behind the speaker. (The sign on the speaker's stand, in Russian and French, simply asks attendees to refrain from smoking.) Next, Lenin is seen outdoors on a cold day, on March 18, 1919, in Red Square, Moscow. He is speaking at the funeral of Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov, his close associate, and Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Congress of Soviets of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (SFSR). (Sverdlov died on March 16th at age 33.)