Russia after the Civil War fought between the White Guards and the Bolsheviks. A man stands outside a shop in market place of a Russian city. Horse drawn carts transport material to the shops. People stand and talk on streets and outside shops. Horses and carts on the side of roads near the shops. Vladimir Lenin makes signature notes while talking to other people. A man watches as a woman opens the doors of her shop.
The trial of "Left SR" social revolutionists from Social Revolutionist Party in Moscow, Russia. A crowded street outside a court in Moscow. People enter the court room for the Moscow Trial. Pistols and other equipment lying over legal documents on a desk. Accused men and women arrive. Women write in the documents. The prosecuting attorney is seen and he speaks.
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Hiroshi Saito calls on U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull In December 1934 to inform that Japan will denounce the Washington Naval Treaty on 1922 which limited the size of the Japanese fleet. A close up of the ambassador Saito. He exits the State, War, and Navy Building (later the Executive Office Building) and gets in a car. Next segment: A female pilot Helen Richey becomes the first woman to fly mail in the United States. Richey stands in front of an aircraft and shakes hand with an official. Richey in the cockpit and the aircraft takes off. From a December 14, 1959 newsreel recounting events 25 years earlier.
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Hirosi Saito officially declares that Japan would no longer abide by the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. Hirosi Saito steps from his car and enters the Old Executive Office building in Washington DC. Exterior view of Executive office building. He descends the steps of the building and enters his car.
Rise of Benito Mussolini after World War I and taking Italy to World War II. Benito Mussolini and the Blackshirts parade in Rome when the Fascist Party comes to power after ousting Italian Prime Minister Luigi Facta in October 1922. Civilians of Benito Mussolini's Fascist Party parade in the 'March on Rome' when Mussolini takes over the government. Cheering civilians surround Mussolini as he exits from a building. The Blackshirts parade. Mussolini speaks from a balcony. A large crowd gives the Fascist salute at one of Mussolini's mass meetings. Members of the Fascist Youth parade on the streets. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler deplanes in Venice and meets Italian Prime Minister Mussolini for the first time. Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Gian Galeazzo Ciano and Mussolini and staff review troops. Mussolini shakes hands with Hitler, surrounded by Italian notables. A Royal Box at a ceremony shows Hitler, Mussolini, King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and the Queen of Italy. An Italian tank review near Rome's Colosseum. Italian crack troops goose-step past the Royal Box for Hitler to review. The Munich Conference shows Hitler, Mussolini, Prime Minister of France Eduard Daladier, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain among others. Mussolini signs the Munich Pact. A crowd massed near the Victor Emmanuel Memorial acclaim Mussolini after his return from Munich.