Nazi crimes against the nations of the world during World War II. View of the Peace Treaty between Germany and Yugoslavia which was signed on 1st June, 1939. The treaty breached on 6th April 1941, Germany launched a massive attack on Yugoslavia. German troops attack and advance. A map shows that most of the Europe was in the hands of Germany by 1941. View of September 27, 1940 signing ceremonies in Berlin of the Tripartite (Axis) Pact between Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Imperial Japan. Hitler and axis leaders shake hands and pose at pact signing table. Joachim von Ribbentrop signing the Axis Pact. Scene of German tank treads close-up rolling over battlefield and wider view of German armor and troops in June 1941 invading Russia, in violation of their non-agression pact. Nazi forces enter Russian territory. Wehrmacht forces setup and fire artillery at Russia. German rocket launchers fire rockets at Russian targets. Ground and aerial views of formations of German Luftwaffe aircraft on bombing runs. Between August-September 1941, Luftwaffe conducts blitzkrieg raids (blitz) on Great Britain. View of British landmarks like St Paul's Cathedral dome and Tower Bridge. Aerial views as Luftwaffe fighter aircraft roll and dive toward targets. British spotlights and search lights on the ground sweeping and catching German aircraft in their light beams. British anti aircraft batteries open fire on German planes over England. Alternating views of German plane point of view bombing England with bright flashes of light and explosions on the ground, and British anti-aircraft fire filling the air. Ground views in England of buildings on fire from blitz bombing, and fire fighters moving to deploy fire hoses and extinguish fires. Flaming buildings collapse from bombs and fire. Whole blocks of buildings on fire. Scene change to December 7, 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. U.S. Navy ships bombed and on fire in Pearl Harbor.
Series 'Why We Fight' episode "Prelude to War" depicts the battles during World War II. United States soldiers parade on street lead by a band. Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.December 7, 1941. The London Blitz with buildings destroyed and burning. The Eiffel Tower in Paris with Nazi flag flying atop it. German troops marching into Paris, through the Arch of Triumph. Japanese warplanes bombing shanghai, China, in 1937. Chinese residents running for shelter. Glimpse of German "Schwerer Gustav" 80 cmrailway gun firing during German offensive against Soviet Union in 1941. German forces entering Czechoslovakia in 1938. German mounted troops entering France in 1940. Heavy guns firing. German ships en route to Norway 1940. German Ju-52 aircraft flying low over trees. Montage showing rapid succession of war scenes, including heavy guns firing, smoke rising, explosions, an aircraft shot down and crashing straight down, German armor on the move, German Ju-52 aircraft dropping paratroopers into Holland and one flying over Athens, Greece, with Mount Lykabettus in the background. More of the same with Narrator mentioning Belgium, Albania, Yugoslavia, and Russia (where citizens are seen digging anti-tank trenches and fortifications). Cavalry charging across a field. A German tank rolling forward. A German Dornier Do-17 bomber taking off, and bombs falling.
Past events show German invasions during World War II. German flags in view. German soldiers march. German planes fly in formation during Nazi Party rally at Luitbold Arena in Nuremberg Germany. Adolf Hilter salutes a parade as armored cars and German soldiers pass by. German Luftwaffe aircraft pass overhead in formation during a rally. Comparison shot shows German Wehrmacht army soldiers marching in close ranks, followed by a close up shot of United States Army soldiers marching in close ranks. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler in discussion with Hermann Goering (Göring). They approach a map and then turn their backs. British soldier on lookup watches the sky over London for signs of German bombing raid as parliament buildings and the River Thames are seen in the background. Elevated view of city center, streets, bridges and Russia Orthodox Church in the Soviet Union; possibly Moscow. View of the United States Capitol building in Washington DC. Animated map shows the German positions. Aerial view of devastation from German Luftwaffe bombing of Poland on September 1, 1939. Damaged buildings and houses in Poland due to German bombing in World War II. Polish civilians lined up. Polish people near wrecked horse cart and equipment. Polish citizens carry dead bodies on litters and dig graves for citizens killed in bombing. British people near Big Ben and Parliament buildings on September 3, 1939, the date England declared war against Germany. In London, British children walking toward railroad station near signs that read "To Evacuation Trains", to be evacuated from the London area for safety during the war. Scenes of anguished citizens in England and in France saying goodbye to loved ones including boys and girls being evacuated and husbands leaving for war service. They hug and embrace with emotion. Women wave handkerchiefs at a bus departing with children, then weep. German soldiers march invading Denmark and Norway in April 1940. Sad civilians flee in trucks.
Film reviews China's 4 thousand years of history. Bucolic China scene of mountains, woods, and a farmer plowing with oxen. A mass of Chinese people tightly packed together as they walk along a narrow alleyway in a town. Fleeting glimpses of two Chinese soldiers; a child; a woman; a woman and child; and numerous other Chinese people in a montage splayed across a background of moving crowds. An open book of Chinese characters. Mariners compass superimposed on an moving image of oceanliner. Views of several large scale astralobes and world globes. A Chinese worker placing porcelainware in an oven for glazing. A man spooning gunpowder into a dish, followed by glimpse of a Chinese firework igniting. Chinese paper Dragon and street celebrations. A book entitled: "Analects of Confucius," in which, on page 105, is found the admonition: "What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others." Ancient statues of two men and of two riderless horses behind them. Tall Chinese pagodas. Chinese artillery field pieces firing. Chinese troops advancing in several situations during conflict with Japan. Map of china and illustration of Japanese Samuri warrior emblazoned across it. A book entitled: "The Tanaka Memorial,(Japan's Dream of World Empire)." A Still photograph of Japanese Foreign Minister Baron Tanaka Giichi in military uniform, with other Japanese officers. Excerpts shown, ostensibly from this book. Emperor Hirohito is seen with Baron Tanaka, and other officers, all in military uniforms, in front of a tent, circa 1928. Automated map ostensibly illustrates the elements of a Japanese plan of conquest, starting with Manchuria for raw materials; the absorption of China for manpower; followed by a sweep South for riches of the Indies and Australia; and lastly a sweep Eastward to crush the United States. More views of crowds of Chinese people are followed by an. animated map illustrating early World War 2 events, including Nazi Operation Barbarosa against Russia, approved by Hitler in 1940, and the Nazi occupations of Denmark, Norway, and other European countries. (Note: Actual existence of the so-called "Tanaka Memorial Imperialist Conquest Plan" is a subject of debate among historians.)
Men reading various newspapers (mostly from New York) in the United States. Views of several newspaper headlines such as 'Truman says Russia set of Atomic blast' after President Truman revealed to the American public that the Soviet Union had successfully detonated an atomic bomb in a weapons test. Traffic on a road. Man in 1940's suit and hat standing on a street reading a newspaper.
A documentary on The United Nations Conference on International Organization that continued from April 25, 1945 to June 26, 1945 in San Francisco. A plane in flight and ships are seen in San Francisco Bay. Aerial views of Golden Gate Bridge. People on streets on San Francisco, with streetcars, buildings, pedestrians, and mid 1940's cars vseen. Aircraft parked at a USAF Base as delegates from 50 countries arrive. Delegates like Jan Christian Smuts from South Africa, Vyacheslav Molotov from Russia, U.S. secretary of State Edward Stettinius arrive in San Francisco. Delegates register for the conference. United States flag on a building. Interior of the War Memorial Opera House serving as the initial meeting hall. Delegates seated. U.S. President Harry S. Truman addressing the general assembly remotely, as delegates listen through radio speakers in the opera house. Narrator recalls words of Franklin Roosevelt and recorded audio of Roosevelt is heard where he urges continuation of the work first begun by the defunct League of Nations. View of various working committees and smaller groups of the organization meeting during the Spring of 1945. Representatives debate and review concepts initiated at the Dumbarton Oaks conference in Washington DC in 1944. Delegates addressing those assembled and signing documents that create the United Nations.