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Russia Soviet Union 1942 stock footage and images

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Soviet Russia mobilizes to defend against German offensive (Operation Barbarossa) in World War II.

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler, in World War 2, with Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, Army Commander-in-Chief, and other top military members, planning for Operation Barbarossa (Attack to the East toward the Soviet Union). As he walks away from the table, he speaks briefly to Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine (German Navy). Next Hitler and Marshall Hermann Goering are seen strolling and conversing at the Eastern Front headquarters, "the wolf's lair," (Wolfschanze) near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Scene shifts to the Soviet Union, where Joseph Stalin is seen speaking at a podium. A large outdoor audience, including some soldiers, is gathered to listen. Images showing the Soviet people responding to defend against the German Nazi invasion. Closeup of Soviet soldiers with shouldered weapons. The nearest is holding a PPSh-41 submachine gun. Closeups of Soviet women and men in military uniforms. Soviet citizens heading to enlist in the military. Soldiers marching loosely n a city street. Patriotic singing is heard in background. A formation of Soviet women marching. Some carry furled banners. Soviet women carrying simple farm implements, marching in a rural part of Russia and joining others who are working to prepare anti-tank ditches and barriers in the countryside. Views of hundreds of people working on this project. Weapons being provided to rural Soviet guerrillas who will operate behind enemy lines. Anti-aircraft guns being set up overlooking a harbor. Closeup of Soviet soldiers manipulating controls on a camouflaged anti-aircraft gun and others maneuvering a four-barreled anti-aircraft machine gun. Local farm family members on makeshift towers keeping watch over huge fields of wheat. Soviet farmers harvesting the wheat with scythes. An armed farmer shielding his eyes as he searches the skies for German airplanes. Closeup of a man cutting wheat with a scythe as women gather the sheaves behind him. Motorized harvesters at work in a field of wheat. Closeup of a woman operating one. Tractors used in harvesting. Women and children gleaning what remains behind in the harvested fields. Farmers driving their cattle East (away from advancing Germans). Evacuating Soviet people employ a scorched earth policy, burning their homes, barns, and anything that might be of value to advancing German forces. Views of burning houses. Soviet industrial enterprises working around the clock producing war materiel. Seen are petroleum facilities; a large plant expelling coke; coal pouring into a barge; men at work at a steel furnace; ribbons of hot steel moving out of rollers; a huge manufacturing plant in operation. Next, a Soviet Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank is seen moving across a field. Soviet Russian Polikarpov I-16 fighter planes in flight. A large formation of German Dornier DO 17 bombers in flight high overhead. Soviet forces retreating. Views of fallen German soldiers, fires burning, and remnants of a downed German bomber. German prisoners of war marching under guard and others surrendering with hands in the air. Closeups of some German prisoners. A Russian Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft parked in snow with engines running. Fallen German soldiers lying in the snow along a roadway, in Winter of 1941-42. A Russian Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank maneuvering in the snow. Russian Bt-7 Light Cavalry Tanks proceeding toward the front in Springtime, 1942.

Date: 1941
Duration: 3 min 44 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Exchange of cultures and collaboration in science and arts between the Soviet Union and the United States

The Moscow summit between the U.S. and USSR in Moscow, Russia. Wyeth family artwork being packed in boxes for a visit to the Soviet Union. Various paintings being packed up. In exchange, some Russian paintings and artwork seen that will be displayed in America. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev visits the United States during Glasnost efforts. People on the streets in what appears to be New York or possibly Washington DC are surprised when he exits his motorcade to shake hands directly with American citizens gathered on the sidewalks.The U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and his wife visiting Soviet Georgia and being greeted by Soviet citizens. Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan side by side at a summit in Washington DC. They stand together on the White House lawn as a band plays. Animation depicts the sharing of cultures between the two nations and the exchange of magazines. View of American rock star Billy Joel and his band performing at a concert in the Soviet Union on New Year's eve. A Moiseyev Dance Company folk troupe from Russia performing a dance in the United States. Cultural exchange between the two countries includes views of a piano performance by Vladimir Horowitz in Moscow and a ballet performance in the United States by the Bolshoi Ballet. Several Russian school children pose for pictures on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC. Soviet teenage children enjoy a elevated ropes course in an outdoor program. People sit in an amphitheater with officials at a Chautaqua Talk in 1987. A group of Soviet citizens view a touring "Information USA" exhibit in the Soviet Union that presents American culture. They view the program on an array of television monitors. A young Russian boy speaks in Russian about his interest in learning about American culture. People watch a science exhibition. Astronauts of the USA and Soviet Union in a spacecraft. The astronauts open a connecting hatch and shake hands. Narrator describes collaboration of the two nations to monitor and study the depleting ozone layer of the earth and how to protect it. A man is shown sunbathing. Officials of the America and the Soviet Union sign an agreement relating to sharing information about safety of nuclear power plants. Soviet representatives and George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of State, inaugurate a new communication system that communicates nuclear dangers between the two countries. A woman in the communication room. Food grain pouring from a harvester, part of what is supplied to the Soviets. Soviet Union tanks and soldiers in Afghanistan. Soviet soldiers walking on a street in Afghanistan in front of a shop. Arrested American journalist Nicholas Daniloff disembarks an aircraft after his release. View of the exterior of the American Embassy in Russia. U.S. marine Sgt. Clayton J. Lonetree being escorted under guard after having been accused of collaborating in a Soviet spy mission at the U.S. embassy in Moscow. Scene inside a Voice of America radio broadcast studio. Sign indicates it is broadcasting in Russian. Close up of meter moving on a radio instrument during the broadcast. Dancers from the Dance Theatre of Harlem performing before their visit to the Soviet Union. A group of Soviet citizens including men, women and children walking outdoors. Mikhail Gorbachev with U.S. President Ronald Reagan at a ceremony on the White House grounds on December 8, 1987.

Date: 1987
Duration: 5 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes from the Siege of Stalingrad during World War Two.

Siege of Stalingrad, from 1942 through 1943. Germans and Soviets battle for Stalingrad in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) during World War II. German Stuka dive bombers in a line for a take off. A formation of German Stukas JU-87s. Soviet troops march across a field. German Pz.III tanks go across dry land. German heavy artillery lay down a barrage on the city of Stalingrad. Explosions in the city. German troops advance across a scrubby terrain throwing hand grenades. German troops use flame throwers against Soviet troop positions. Shell bursts in the city. Smoke rises. Buildings burn. German troops advance into outskirts of Stalingrad which shows completely demolished buildings. Smoke rises in the city. Winter scenes show Soviet artillery firing at German troop positions. A Soviet officer with his beard covered with frost. Soviet troops counterattack across snow covered fields. Dead Germans lying in a field. Soviet troops advance. Street to street fighting. Machine guns fire.

Date: 1942
Duration: 3 min 11 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Arctic convoy of British ships underway in the North Sea carrying weapons to Russia during World War 2.

A British ship convoy underway in the North Sea as part of the Arctic Convoys supplying ships, weapons, and materials to the Soviet Union at Arkhangelsk and Murmansk during World War II. A map showing the North Sea route. The British ships underway. The ships carry weapons and other equipment to Russia as an aid for the fight against Nazi Germany. A man aboard a ship watches the area through binoculars. Crew dressed for Freezing cold temperatures. Enemy aircraft in flight over the area. The German aircraft drop bombs on the convoy. Guns fired from the ships. Smoke rise from firing and bombardment in the area. Circa 1942.

Date: 1942
Duration: 1 min 39 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Battle of Stalingrad during Christmas and New Year, 1942, and continuing until February 2, 1943

The final struggle for Stalingrad during World War Two. Christmastime, 1942 in Moscow. Russian civilians obtaining fir trees for Christmas celebrations. A large beautifully decorated Christmas tree set up in the Hall of Pillars, in Moscow. Couples dancing in the hall to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite. Children at play, on slides, on a carousel, and with one another. New Year's eve is different. Soviet workers in a munitions factory greet each other but continue working without stopping. On the Stalingrad front lines, the Soviet Army marks the New Year, 1943, by launching artillery barrages, through the night and continuing unabated well into the next day. Russian Sukhoi Su-2 light bombers drop incendiaries on German positions. Brief partial glimpse of a Russian Sherman tank. Soviet troops moving on armed Aerosan ice gliders. Batteries of Soviet Katusha rockets fire barrages. Soviet infantry and tanks advance across vast barren snow-covered terrain. Animated map depicts Nazi forces being pounded on several fronts. A solitary horse standing in midst of Stalingrad destruction. February 2, 1943, Soviet soldiers,symbolically, fire the last shot, in the Battle of Stalingrad. A smiling Soviet soldier then places a cover over the muzzle of the field artillery piece. Scenes of the battle's aftermath. Russian officers hug one another. The Red flag is hung from a city building. Numerous German soldiers surrender under a white flag of truce. Many surrendering German Generals are seen.

Date: 1942, December
Duration: 4 min 10 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Soviet Union mobilizes to defend against German invasion in June, 1941, World War II

A film titled ' Our Russian front. It shows Soviet Russia's state of preparedness and national mobilization at the time of the German invasion (Operation Barbarossa) in 1941, during World War 2. Soviet troops on parade in Red Square, Moscow, carrying Tokarev SVT-40 semi-automatic assault rifles, with curved magazines and fixed bayonets. Glimpse of a Soviet heavy gun (possibly 152mm howitzer). A Soviet Navy gunboat speeding toward the camera. A formation of Polikarpov I-16 aircraft inflight overhead. Several views of soviet forces, including units composed entirely of women; Closeups of troops, some holding Russian RPD 7.62 cal m44 light machine guns. A Soviet T-26 speeding in Red Square with flag flying, during a parade. View from the rear of a line of Soviet Zvezda BT-7 light tanks being deployed along a dirt road. Russian civilians, most of them women, work digging hillside fortifications. Closeup of woman with small boy in her arms. Views of destroyed buildings and dead civilians in a Russian town Aerial view of bombs bursting on Russian city. Smoke rising from resulting fires. Several views of light flashes from artillery firing at night. American envoy, W. Averell Harriman, participant in the U.S.-British military mission to Moscow, broadcasts about Soviet determination to defend against the Nazi invasion, at all costs. He refers to Soviet mechanics assembling American aircraft (Provided under "Lend Lease"). Narrator identifies Harriman as Chairman of the Board of Union Pacific Railroad. View of Russian airplanes in formation, flying high above the State Museum building in Red Square, Moscow. An American Government aircraft (C-47 /DC-3) aircraft lands at Moscow Airport. View of the aircraft parked and surrounded by a large crowd of military and diplomatic attendees. Harriman steps from the plane. Next he is seen with British Lord Beaverbrook and Soviet diplomat, Andrey Yanuaryevich Vyshinsky. Another view of Russian aircraft flying over the State museum in Red Square. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (unseen) is heard in the background extolling the Russian efforts against the Nazis. Soviet Tupolev SB bombers in formation overhead. Flags waving Aerial view of a formation of Polikarpov I-16 aircraft in flight. A Komintern Artillery Tractor,carrying Soviet soldiers, tows a 152mm field howitzer. A formation of army vehicles carrying Russian troops along paths already formed in the dirt by prior tracked vehicles. Seen are Komintern Artillery Tractors and ordinary army trucks.

Date: 1941
Duration: 8 min 18 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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