Film depicts the rise of communism as a backlash to Imperial rule in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Animated map of the world. Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra of Russia at the balcony of the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia. In contrast , scenes show peasants at work, carrying wooden logs. Russian peasants accompanied by Priest Father Georgiy Apollonovich Gapon, gather with a group of protesters in a square of St. Petersburg. People stand before the Winter Palace and protest against the hardship of their lives under the Tsar. An inserted scene shows Protesters being subdued by Tsarist soldiers. .Closeup of the young Tsar, Nicholas II. Closeup of Father Gapon. Closeup of a young Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (AKA Lenin). View of Lenin giving a revolutionary speech. The Tsar and Tsarina strolling together in the company of Royal Guardsmen. The Tsar mounting a horse for ceremonial review. Picture of Tsarina Alexandra and her hemophiliac son, Alexei Nikolaevich, in a sailor suit. Picture of Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin.
Christmas preparation in Petrograd (Saint Petersburg), very soon after the October Revolution brought Lenin, the Bolsheviks, and Soviets regime in control in Russia. People move goods on the snow covered streets using sleds. Facing shortages of fuel, people collect and carry wood to burn from a dock. Citizens stacking and carrying timbers for fuel. With men involved in revolution and in World War I, women workers clean roads of city, working together in a group with brooms.
Russian movie depiction of the storming of the Romanoff's winter palace during the 1917 revolution in Russia.(This is a fictional event that never occurred.) Scene shifts to election campaigning on a street in Moscow, in conjunction with the November 25th elections arranged by political leader Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky. Bolshevik leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is seen with several comrades. A truck carrying Bolsheviks with a banner drives on a street, as a pedestrian gives it a dismissive wave. (Bolsheviks lost the election to the Socialist Revolutionary Party, or SR.) Soviet troops loyal to Leon Trotsky march in the street. View of elected members from the Russian assembly in their meeting place. Catherine Breshkovsky, sometimes called Babushka, or the grandmother of the Russian Revolution, is seen standing and addressing the meeting. The faction of the SR not supporting Lenin is seen leaving the building. Thousands of citizens gathered outside the building, protesting the dismissal of their elected representatives. Image of Lenin.
The Russian Revolution of 1917. Scenes of trench warfare on the Western Front during World War I. German soldiers firing at enemy positions. Ill-equipped Russian troops in the field, and suffering from pestilence and disease. A Russian soldier wearing no shirt and with no equipment is seen scratching at itches on his own body. Starving, sad Russian children are shown back in Russia. Scenes of St Petersburg, Russia in March 1917, during demonstrations for increased bread rations. Responding Russian troops defect and join demands for the transfer of power from the Czar to an elected parliament. A military vehicle loaded with troops is seen rallying and celebrating with Russian people. Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government Alexander Kerensky speaks to a large crowd. Czar Nicholas II, who has abdicated, sitting on a stump, with a few guards behind him. Political prisoners are freed from prisons. Leon Trotsky, speaking from a train platform, upon his return from exile in Canada. Summer, 1917, and Alexander Kerensky becomes Head of the Russian Provisional Government. Kerensky, standing in the balcony of a building, proclaims Russia a republic. A large crowd gathered outside the building. Vladimir Lenin speaking to a large crowd on the Kerensky Republic. View of Farmer workers with shovels in a field. Lenin and Trotsky call for the members of the Farmer Worker Army Union Soviet to work against the Kerensky Republic. View of Lenin speaking against the Republic and for class warfare. Lenin's Bolsheviks riot and seize the railroad stations, telegraph lines, and government offices. A tower column of the Russian monarchy is seen falling to the ground. Events on November 25 after the Russian Revolution: A number of people on a street during elections called for by Kerensky. View of Lenin talking to people in the streets. Lenin's Bolshevik group loses to the SR party. People in the streets near the time of the election. The elected assembly of the Socialist Revolutionary Party is seen meeting under the protection of Trotsky's Red Army which is seen marching near a crowd. Catherine Breshkovsky is seen standing and speaking at the assembly meeting. The elected assembly in session. The assembly refuses to turn power over to the Lenin Soviet. The members of the elected assembly are seen finally giving in to the Bolsheviks and the factions of the SR that have split to support the Bolsheviks. The leaders of the defeated faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR) are seen leaving the grounds of the assembly. In the next scene, a crowd protests against the dismissal of the elected assembly, to no avail.. Lenin speaking to a large crowd. He speaks about the power won and maintained by violence. Views of the demonstrating crowd.
Momentary image of Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, Russian mystic and advisor to the Russian Imperial family. German troops fighting in no man's land on Western Front in World War 1. Ill prepared and equipped Russian troops clean themselves and clothing of fleas and lice, that cause heavy casualties from typhus. Explosions on front lines. Starving Russian civilians at aid camp. Demonstrations for increased bread rations, in St. Petersburg, Russia, March, 1917, getting out of hand. Tsarist troops sent in to quell the disturbance, instead, join in the revolutionary protests. Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky, member of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma, vice-chairman of the Petrograd Soviet,and first Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government, is seen tipping his hat, and later giving a speech. Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II, seen sitting on a tree stump, with soldiers behind him. Russians crowding a square, breaking down prison bars, and releasing prisoners. Dissidents haranguing Russian crowds. Kerensky speaking to crowd. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returning by train from exile in Switzerland. Leon Trotsky arriving by train from Canada. Kerensky on a balcony as, head of the provisional government, in Summer, 1917, proclaiming Russia a Republic. Young women marching in parade. Lenin making remarks. Field filled with farm workers (worker army union, AKA Soviet) tilling soil with hand tools. Lenin, bareheaded (holding his cap behind his back) making a speech. An unidentified cathedral seen in background. Bolsheviks stir up unrest. Winged Victory column topples. Bolshevik mobs take over government buildings
White Russian Guards, who made their headquarters in Alexander Palace, are seen on parade in Palace
Square, St. Petersburg. Crowds jam the square to watch the parade. Some spectators scramble up on the ornate palace gates. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)