The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe allows CBS News correspondent Walter Cronkite to ask a question to Vice President Nixon. Mr. Cronkite asks Vice President Nixon if the Eisenhower Administration was suppressing a report by the United States Information Agency that shows a decline in United States prestige overseas as pointed by Senator Kennedy. Vice President Nixon replies and talks about Sputnik Program launched by the Soviet Union. He further compares the United States and the Soviet Union in terms of education and science. He speaks about UN General Assembly votes called on the Soviet Union to end its Hungarian intervention in 1956 and relates to American prestige. Senator Kennedy says that he did not make most of the statements that Vice President Nixon said he has made and he refers to the first one about Sputnik Program launched by the Soviet Union. Senator Kennedy refers to slums in the United States and talks about support housing legislation which the Eisenhower's Administration has opposed and also speaks about scientists and engineers United States has produced in comparison to the Soviet Union. He further says they were the first in other areas of science but in space, which is the new science, they are not the first
In 1956, crowds of Hungarians walk peaceably in their Capital, Budapest, calling for establishment of their own style of communist rule. A woman waves a Hungarian flag from a window. A communist star is pulled down from atop a building. On October 24, 1956 Hungarian authorities crack down, with police supported by Russian troops from local garrison. Russian soldiers in T-34 tanks seen on city street. View of Russian soldiers leaving the area aboard a T-34 tank. Hungarians battling their police. View of Prime Minister,Imry Nagy, ascending steps of a government building. Narrator states that Nagy declares Hungary neutral in conflict between Soviet Union and the West. Soviet books and documents being burned. The next sequence shows Soviet T-34 tanks entering Hungary in force, on November 4, 1956. One is seen firing from a city street. Picture of Imre Nagy shown as Narrator says his execution was announced on June 17, 1958.
U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Russian soldiers. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary. Russian red star toppled from building roof in defiance. Russian troops respond on tanks in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.
Nikita Khrushchev seen speaking before the 20th Party Congress in February 1956, where he denounced his legendary predecessor Joseph Stalin. Glimpses of the Yalta Conference in Ukraine during World War II. Joseph Stalin talks with U.S. President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Khrushchev and other Communist leaders of various nations arrive at a meeting. The leaders wave hands as troops march during a communist parade.
Statue of Karl Marx on his grave stone in Highgate Cemetery, London. A picture of Karl Marx. Scenes in the Soviet Union. Soviet soldiers walking slowly in loose formation. Bolsheviks standing with a large banner. Damaged shops on a street. "One way" street signs in several languages. Large gathering of people carrying signs reading: "Frieden" (Peace, in German). A sign reading: "HALT, Landesgrenze" marking a German provincial boundary. A sign in German, designating the customs border at Furth im Wald, Bavaria ("Zollgrenz-Bezirk, Furth i.Wald"). East German border guards setting obstacles and sentry paths. Picture of Günter Litfin, a twenty-four-year-old tailor, who swam across the Spree Canal to West Germany on 24 August 1961. View of him being fatally shot from across the border, by East German guards, as he is being pulled into West Germany (the first such fatality at the East West German border). Animated map of the world with label references to Berlin,1961; Havana, 1959; Budapest, 1956; Coyoacan, 1940; and Kronstadt, 1921.
The Moscow summit between the U.S. and USSR in Moscow, Russia. Pictures depict the tribes and people of America. People pack the pictures in a box for the visit of the Soviet Union people. Some pictures of the Russian art. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev visits the United States. People on the street to receive him. The U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz and his wife visit Russia. People greet them. Gorbachev and the U.S. president Ronald Reagan at a summit in Washington DC. Americans at the summit. Animation depicts the merging of cultures between the two nations and the exchange of magazines. American rock star Billy Joel and his group perform in the Soviet Union on New Year's eve. Cultural exchange between the two countries includes a piano performance of Horowitz in Moscow and a ballet performance in the United States by the Bolshoi Ballet. An exchange program at school level. Soviet children at an American outdoors ropes and climbing activity during an exchange program. The talks held to discuss vital issues in New York. People sit in an amphitheater with officials at a Chautaqua Talk in 1987. The people of the Soviet Union watch an "Information USA" touring exhibit in the Soviet Union that presents American culture. A young Russian boy speaks about his interest in American culture. People watch a science exhibition. Astronauts of the USA and Soviet Union in a spacecraft. Collaboration of the two nations to protect the ozone layer. Officials of the two nations sign an agreement relating to the nuclear power plants. George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of State, inaugurates a system that communicates nuclear dangers. A woman in the communication room. Food grain supplied to the Soviets. Soviet Union tanks and soldiers in Afghanistan. Soldiers walk on a street. American journalist Nicholas Daniel disembarks a plane after his release. The view of the American Embassy. Mikhail Gorbachev with U.S. President Ronald Reaga