Coal mining in Tkibuli, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. A passenger railroad train underway approaching Tkibuli, Georgia. Passengers aboard the train wave. Coal mine and limestone industries in the city of Tkibuli. View of coal processing operations. Coal mine workers pose as a group, and then coal miners are shown working in a tunnel shaft and mining for coal. Coal miners and management talk outside a tunnel. Coal being transported on rail track trolleys from the mine to the network of crushers and sorters. View of old mining operations area on side of a mountain where miners used to pick and hack at the side of the mountain to get coal, instead of using more modern methods. View of old coal processing system on mountainside, powered by mountain streams to turn the wheels. Workers use shovels and other tools in a water trough.
Life of people in Georgia Soviet Socialist Republic. Men ride horses on a field. A woman at the bank of a pond near a dam and waterfall. Narrator discusses the beauty and warmth of this area of the Caucasus mountain region on the Black Sea. Women rest in the yard of a convent. Women and men hanging and curing Turkish tobacco leaves in open air. A woman smoking a long pipe of tobacco. A woman leads a team of oxen to till and cultivate a piece of land using an ancient, slotted, rotating tiller. A herd of goats graze on a mountain slope.
Life of Soviet Georgian people of Batumi, in the Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. Adjarian people milling about on streets in the Black Sea coastal city of Batumi, Adjar. Busy sidewalk cafes. Men, women, and children shop for fruits and vegetables from stalls on a street. Men at a roadside cafe. People swim at a Black Sea beach. A ship waits in the Black Sea port at Batumi, as travelers leave Batumi, in small boats, to board her. Scenes of Yalta, after the passengers arrive there. People milling about on a city street with shops in Yalta, Crimea. A horse drawn cart being pulled as it ascends toward a nearby summit of the Ai-Petri mountains. Elevated view from the mountains of Yalta toward vineyards and toward the south shore of the Black Sea.
Vintage scenes from Adjar, just north of Turkey, in the Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Batumi section, showing an ethnic subgroup of Georgians. Veiled Muslim women ("of the Mohammedan faith" says the narrator), with their faces covered, attend an ancient unveiling ceremony. Adjarian people (Ajars), mostly of Turkish descent, gather in a rural town to watch the ceremony and celebration. Soviet Commissar of the People's Council addresses the gathering. Elderly men talk and share ancient traditional stories with the women. Women after being unveiled. Men of Adjara in traditional clothing dance after the unveiling ceremony. A circle of villagers surrounds the dancers and claps.
Life of people and developmental efforts in the Ukraine. Views of a village. Native men and women dance to the tunes of folk music. Huts in a village. Bank of the Dnieper River. Lenin dam being constructed along the river. Boulders being loaded with the help of Steam shovel. Railroad cars carry construction material to the construction site. Huge hills being dynamited. Men work with spades to construct the dam. A huge mess for the workers. Cooks prepare food in a kitchen. The workers eat the food. American and Russian engineers plan to exploit the natural resources. An American colony. Exteriors of the building. Children enjoy skating.
Poland aids the Soviet Union during German-Russian Combat in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during World War II. General Sikorsky of Poland is greeted by Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Chairman of the Council of the People's Commissars of the Soviet Union at Stalingrad. General Sikorsky and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin plan an agreement for mutual defense. Two flags flying from flag poles. Polish troops stand at attention. Soviet or Polish troops march. Soviet troops at battle stations in a field. Soviet tank corps men run out and jump into their tanks. A tank goes out through a city near Moscow. Battle action during winter shows Soviet troops advancing to meet on coming Germans. A large gun mounted on a railroad (RR) car. A Soviet officer gives a signal to fire guns. All types of artillery-guns mounted on RR cars, armored trains, tanks field artillery, large cannon fire. Several buildings being demolished by shell blasts. Tanks advance. The Soviets advance across snow covered terrain. Soviet civilians gather up German equipment and pile it around in the area. Dead Germans on the ground. Destroyed German mechanized equipment. Observation towers and lookout posts commanded by the Soviets.