Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. Allied troops and equipment advance on a road to Rome. Various street signs on the way read Rome. A map of Italy. Deserted streets of Rome as the Nazis withdraw. Allied troops enter Rome and civilians celebrate their liberation. Newspaper headlines about the liberation of Rome. Pope Pius XII addresses a large gathering from a balcony in the Vatican City. People pray. People gathered around dead soldiers. A soldier removes his gear and helmet as he enters a church. A church bell rings.
Cerebral hemorrhage suffers from Pope Pius XII in Vatican City,Rome. Pope Pius XII greets and addresses group of pilgrims from a balcony after his recovery from illness. Francis Cardinal Spellman visits to greet Pope Pius XII. After that Pope Pius XII falls due to cerebral hemorrhage.
Liberation of Rome by the Allies during World War II. Allied soldiers in jeeps drive on the streets of Rome. U.S. Army General Mark Clark leads a convoy of Allied soldiers. The jeeps pass under a bridge. Swiss Guards in the Vatican City. General Mark Clark with a bishop as he visits the Vatican City. Civilians gathered on a street. King Victor Emmanuel Monument in the background. Civilians run on a street. People cheer and wave.
The meeting of Pope John XXIII, Pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church, and Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in Vatican City, Italy. Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi walks out from his car. The Shah and other dignitaries salute at the guards lined up outside the building. The guards hold flags, guns and swords. The Shah enters the building. He greets Pope John XXIII. Other dignitaries and officials also greet Pope John XXIII.
United States sailors visit St Peter's Square and the City of Vatican, Rome. People walk at St Peter's Square in Vatican City, Rome. People walk around a fountain at St Peter's Square.
Cardinal Roncalli proclaimed Pope in Vatican City. People gather at St Peter's Square in large numbers to watch the ceremony. He adopts the name of John XXIII. Crowd greets their new Pope. Pope addresses the people from the balcony of Sistine Chapel.