The Ministry of Interior in France. French Minister of Interior Adrien Marquet with Deputy of Gironde, Antoine Cayrell. He stands in front of Vichy Casino where the Ministry of Interior is located. Exterior of the Ministry of Interior. Officials enter and come out of the building. (Note: Antoine Cayrell was Deputy of Gironde and High Commissioner for Refugees, in the Vichy Government, during July through August, 1940).
The occupation and liberation of Paris during World War II. Germany occupies Paris in June 1940. A Nazi flag on the Eiffel Tower. Adolf Hitler with Nazi officers. Germans unfurl the Nazi flag on the Alsace-Lorraine Memorial. Hitler and his officers driven through the Place de la Concorde and past the Arc de Triomphe. Parisians close their shops. A man removes a Vichy poster and scribbles on a wall. Parisians listen to U.S. General Dwight Eisenhower's broadcast from London on June 6, 1944: The Allied task forces advance towards France on D-Day. Naval guns shell Normandy. Allied troops land on the beachhead and advance inland. Some fall to German gunfire. Headquarters of the Paris Underground. Members of the French Forces of the Interior (FFI) discuss, plan, document, prepare grenades, check guns, and wear badges of freedom with the FFI symbol. The French underground barricade streets. Men, women and children build barricades using various material. They inspect their guns and take their positions behind sand bag barricades on sidewalks. FFI soldiers honored. Burning vehicles on the roads. Street fighting between the FFI and the Germans. Corpses on the street. FFI men holding flags. Medics carry a wounded on stretcher. German tanks roam the streets. Wrecked vehicles and war equipment. FFI soldiers fire at German tanks. German snipers fire while French forces equipped by the U.S. are liberating the city. Explosions on the street. Civilians take cover. FFI fighters inspect a German soldier's corpse. They take German prisoners. French troops and military vehicles close in on Paris. Civilians watch and cheer as they enter the city. Barriers built by the FFI are pulled aside to let the troops pass. French forces in American tanks pass the Eiffel Tower. Explosions and machine gun fire during the street fighting. French soldiers fire at Germans hiding in buildings. Several German prisoners. German officers and soldiers surrender. Parisians watch as they are herded to prisons. Prisoners clean street.
French Marshal Philippe Petain in Vichy, France soon after German occupation of North West France during World War II. Scenes from the Bastille Day Parade with Chief of State of Vichy France Philippe Petain reviewing troops. Outdoor closeup scenes of other French politicians including Édouard Herriot, former Prime Minister and member of Chamber of Deputies; and Prime Minister Pierre Laval. Petain meets with his cabinet during an assembly session.
The war crimes trial in Tokyo, Japan after World War II. Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo answers the questions during the trial. U.S. Major General P.J. Mueller, Chief of Staff and party seated in the court room. Tojo being cross examined about sending of troops into French Indo China. Tojo states that the Indo China problem was discussed in a message from President Roosevelt to the Emperor. In answer as to when troops were sent there, he says around 20 September 1940 and this was done after arrangements had been made with the Vichy Government of France.
Vichy France leaders in France during World War II. Chief of State of Vichy France Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Petain and President of the Council Pierre Laval in an office. Henri Petain sits in a chair and talks to Pierre Laval. Inside view of the office of Vichy France. Marshal Petain and Pierre Laval on a bench discuss a document.
The Ministry of National Defense in France. Exterior of Hotel Thermal where the Ministry of National Defense has been installed. Guards at the entrance. Cars carrying staff and materials to the Ministry of Finance in Paris. Labels on the cars. A sign board reads: 'Vichy'.