1920 photograph of Nguyen Ai Quoc, Vietnamese Nationalist, with two comrades. A letter from him to comrades in 1924, written in China. Images of French and English newspaper articles about Nguyen Ai Quoc, referring to him as an Annamite. A 1931 handwritten dossier compiled on Nguyen Ai Quoc. Picture of him with associates.
The start of the 1931 Ford Commercial Airplane Reliability Tour at the Ford Airport in Dearborn, Michigan, on Sunday July 4th 1931. Opening footage at forefront right shows the Gee Bee model E Sportster flown by Lowell Bayles to a fourth place finish. Forefront center-left is the Great Lakes biplane flown by Joeseph Meehan. A number of various aircraft are parked on the airfield, including an autogyro. Visitors on the airport ramp look at airplanes on display. The museum clock tower and other buildings at Greenfield Village are visible in the background. View looking outward from inside a hanger. A squadron of U.S. Army Air Corps Boeing P-12 pursuit airplanes parked in rows, with propellers all set horizontally. A light high wing monoplane takes off followed, successively, by two Ford trimotor passenger aircraft equipped with wheel pants. View of a biplane landing. A crowd standing in front of a hangar and several officials standing in the grass. People posing on the ramp with airport building in background.
Successful test of the first German Post office mail rocket at Dummersee, Germany, on April 15,1931. It carries 180 pieces of mail (postcards). Reinhold Tiling is seen with his mechanic, Friedrich Kuhr, who holds the rocket, as Tiling inserts a cylinder containing compressed powder fuel. They then invert the rocket and Tiling affixes its nose cone. A post office official hands pieces of mail to Tiling, who places them into the rocket. They position the rocket on its launch stand and fire it. Uniformed Postal officials (and some military officers) watch the rocket as it rises smoothly after launch. Larger, better, and lighter metal (aluminum) are developed in 1931-32.
Friedrich Kuhr standing next to a huge rocket with a wing span of 4 meters.
Japanese international activities during 1931-1945. Opening scene shows Japanese troops embarking on ships bound for an invasion of Manchuria, in 1931. Officers walking on the dock, amongst the departing troops. Scenes of explosions and destruction. Views of Shanghai during Japanese attacks in 1937. Destroyed buildings. Civilian dead lying in the streets. Japanese soldiers racing along a street in a three wheeled motorcycle vehicle. Change of scene shows Japanese diplomat Yosuke Matsuoka addressing a League of Nations meeting in 1933, after that body adopted a report blaming Japan for events in Manchuria. He objects to that action and then leads his delegation in walking out of the meeting. View of Japanese delegates in top hats and bowler hats exiting the building. Scene shifts to Japanese forces firing artillery and machine guns in Manchuria.They wave large Japanese flag victoriously after a battle. The next scene shows Italian forces occupying Ethiopia and raising the flag of the Kingdom of Italy, as Italian troops salute, presenting arms of rifles with fixed bayonets. Axis leaders celebrate the 1940 Tripartite Pact between German, Italy and Japan. The festivities take place in a hall displaying the three nation's flags on the walls. A large number of persons attend including Japan's Prime Minister, General Hideki Tojo, seen with two celebrants. Scene reverts to Chinese people trying to escape from invading Japanese forces. The refugees carry their belongings as they flee. Occasional shell burst is seen among advancing Japanese troops as Chinese soldiers put up resistance. Chinese soldiers firing artillery. In the U.S., Japanese envoys Kichisaburō Nomura and Saburō Kurusu are seen walking together into a building and entering a room inside. Next, are views of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, with huge plumes of smoke obscuring the bombed U.S. battleships in the harbor. U.S. battleships in line formation in the Pacific during World War 2. Aerial view of U.S. warships moving in parallel. British ships augmenting the U.S. warships. Naval guns firing. U.S. amphibious assaults on Japanese held islands in the Pacific. Prisoners of the Japanese who suffered in the Philippines. General Douglas MacArthur mingling with former prisoners and internees upon his return to Manila in 1944. Aerial views of Iwo Jima. Naval bombardment and amphibious assault of Iwo Jima. Numerous fallen Japanese soldiers. The iconic flag raising by U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima. View of Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. during the campaign on Okinawa, where he was killed in action. A Soldier being carried on a stretcher. Another throwing a hand grenade. U.S. soldier firing at a Japanese defender who falls out of his bunker. Large numbers of japanese prisoners of war assembled in a field. Japanese Kamikaze attacking U.S. warships off Okinawa. The sky filled with antiaircraft flak clouds. View of 40mm Bofors antiaircraft cannon firing and a Japanese plane falling and exploding on impact in the ocean.
Nineteen year old, Henry Ellsworth Vines, of Pasadena California and opponent George Lott, Jr., of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, battle for 1931 National Tennis Championship at Forest Hills, New York on September 12, 1931, in the 51st U.S. Men's Singles Tennis championship match. They are seen entering the stadium before a capacity crowd, and shaking hands before the match. Views of several strokes and exchanges during the match. At the end, both players meet at the net,shake hands, and walk off the court together. Vines beats Lott (79 63 97 75). Vines poses with trophy.
April, 1931 in Germany. View of a closed sled resembling a small airplane fuselage, fitted with runners underneath and bundles of rockets on each side. It sits on a frozen lake. BR-1 is painted on its side. A man arrives and climbs into the cockpit. The rockets ignite and accelerate the plane somewhat erratically, as it moves along the lake surface.