Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini standing together in an open car during a motorcade in Munich, in 1938. Civilian spectators render Nazi salutes as they pass. Next, British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, arriving for the Munich treaty conference, steps from a British Airways Lockheed Model 14 passenger plane. An honor guard of helmeted and white-gloved German soldiers stands at attention during his welcome. Adolf Hitler climbs stairs of Berghof together with Chamberlain and Hitler's interpretor, Paul Otto Schmidt, on September 15, 1938 for their conference. Crowds of Germans give Nazi salute and cheer as Hitler and Mussolini appear on a balcony. Prime Minister Chamberlain back from the conference, speaks to the crowd at Heston Aerodrome on 30 September 1938, saying, among other thing, "We regard the agreement signed last night, and the Anglo-German naval agreement as symbolic of the desires of our two peoples never to go to war with one another again." Damaged buildings and ruins of city. Mussolini giving an impassioned speech. Italian cavalry carrying out a charge in Ethiopia. Italian troops employing machine guns in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War circa 1936. Italian infantry charging across sand dunes. Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie at the League of Nations podium. Nazi Swastika eagle statue. A formation of German troops, during the Anschluss (German annexation of Austria,in 1938). Hitler at a podium. People rendering Nazi salute in annexed city.
At this point, the film transitions to 1950 as North Korean troops cross the 39th parallel and start the Korean War. A nighttime artillery barrage. North Korean troops firing a Browning M1917 machine gun and rifles. The feet of American soldiers are jumping out of foxholes as U.S.M26 Pershing tanks fire their guns from tilted positions below hills. A Pershing tank crosses a bridge back into South Korea, where a sign reads:"You are now crossing the 38th parallel, Co.B 728 MP."
Scene shifts again, to President Lyndon B. Johnson delivers speech about Vietnam at a news conference on July 28, 1965, in which he states,among other things, "Three times in my lifetime...Americans have gone to far lands to fight for freedom..." as he explains U.S. involvement in Vietnam and the Vietnam War.
Segment introduction by Captain Carl Zimmerman. Animated map shows Pyongyang, Taegu, Inchon, and Seoul, and the 38th parallel. PyongYang falls on October 17, 1950 to U.S. troops. Troops advancing in PyongYang. A North Korean soldier is captured. A tank drives on a railway in PyongYang. A burning truck carrying ammunition explodes. A medic treats a wounded U.S. soldier in the streets of Pyongyang. A dead North Korean at side of road as troops advance. Bridge crossing at Pyongyang. North Korean civilians in Pyongyang. Interview with Corporal David Grey, Korean war veteran. 187th Airborne Regiment parachuters prepare to depart from Kimpo Air Field. C-47 and C-119 boxcar airplanes take off from Kimpo Air Field on 20 October 1950. Parachutes of the 187th Airborne descend to ground. General MacArthur views parachutes from the interior of his Constellation air plane. Soldiers loading up cattle with equipment. Jeep and Howitzer tied to skids are seen still attached to parachutes. Wounded 187th Airborne Regiment soldiers are gathered and placed on helicopters. Wounded covered with shield on helicopter before take off. North Koreans wave flags as U.S. soldiers advance. Map shows major invasion dates for Korea in September and October 1950.
In a U.S. Army documentary, an Army Sergeant walks on sidewalks of a typical 1950 small town in the rural United States -- Ottumwa, Iowa. Civilians on streets of the city. Various shops and 1940s and 1950s era automobiles. People from various walks of life talk to the Sergeant. The Sergeant recalls the town's ancestors entering America. The Des Moines river is shown with a small boat anchored at the end of a dock and men and boys fishing. Statue of an Indian Chief atop the Courthouse Building, Chief Wapello, whose tribe camped in the spot of the town years prior. The entrance of the library. Still images and drawings from the library depicting the town. Pictures of houses, shops and other buildings. People on the streets of Ottumwa. The Ottumwa Daily Courier newspaper headline announcing U.S. participation in World War I, "War Becomes Actuality." Images of members from Ottumwa's own Company G, 42nd Rainbow Division in WWI, including soldiers Arthur Menge, Charles Orman, Marlow Work. Views of WWI battle scenes. Oscar Nelson is remembered for heroism. WWI soldiers returning to American towns. Private Charles Orman 40 years later in Ottumwa. He enters a barber shop. Art Menge is also seen in the Barber shop. Aerial view of the city with many bridges, plants, factories, and homes visible. Cars and pedestrians on streets, The Ottumwa Bank, the Airport with a plane parked in front of the terminal, the Railroad train station with people waiting as a large sleek silver passenger train pulls up and arrives. The Hoffmann Drug store, the Ottumwa Hotel, The Ottumwa Daily Courier newspaper building, the Glover Motor Company, the Union Bank, and the Sunnyslope Sanitorium. Various homes and neighborhoods and 1950s automobiles. Governor Herschel Loveless, an Ottumwa native, at home with his wife. The home on Davis Street of the Miss Universe contest winner Carol Morris, and views of Ms. Morris in the pageant and receiving the winners crown in 1956.
Crowded South Broadway street shopping district of Los Angeles California in 1950. Intersection of 7th Street and S. Broadway Los Angeles. American Red Cross flags hang from many buildings and a sign "Give more than before" as part of a blood drive. Desmonds department store sign visible in distance on South Broadway. Traffic light on the street. Pedestrians crossing the street. Vehicular traffic of cars, trucks and streetcar trolleys on the street. Passengers step down from a streetcar at a stop. It is number 59 with a sign that reads, in part, South San Pedro. View of shops on S Broadway including Bullocks Department Store on the corner of 7th Street and Broadway, Le Roys at 633 South Broadway, Harris & Frank's. A policeman stands at the intersection and directs traffic. Near ground level view of legs and feet of pedestrians with late 1940s and early 1950's mens and womens fashions. 1940s and 1950 truck, bus, and car automobile traffic clogs streets and highways of Los Angeles. Clothes hanging in front of residential garden apartments. Two babies standing in doorway of ground floor apartment, and a young boy sitting on the building steps.
Focuses on Korean War. Antiaircraft guns fire in combat with enemy. Refugees walk up on hill. Troops march on field. Tanks advance on battlefield. Captain Carl Zimmerman speaks at desk about the causes of events which took place during Korean campaign, picture of refugees walking up hill in the background. Captain recalls day 10th August in 1950 and summarizes the United Nations consolidation below the 38th Parallel. Map shows Pusan, Masan, Changnyong, Pohang and other places. Close view of map highlighting Chinju, Masan, South West region of Taegu, Uisong, Pohang, and Yongdok. Map of Korea depicts the ground support given by marines, navy and air force planes. U.S. forces counterattack. U.S. troops march on road near Pohang 30 August 1950. Tanks advance on street. Soldiers on tanks. Troops in combat with enemy. Troops fire guns. Troops take cover behind woods. Captain Carl speaks with Lieutenant Tom, Platoon Leader of 24th Division. He shares experience of his platoon moving North of Korea during war. He further speaks about air support and artillery used in war. He talks about captured communists and weaponry used by North Koreans and his platoon. Marines march across field. Marines climb up mountain. Enemy opens fire. Wounded marine runs back for aid. Marines rush to attack. Marines fire machine guns and rifles. American aircraft overhead drop bombs. Explosions on ground. Map of Korea marks date 10/8/1950 and depicts areas captured by U.S. forces below 38th parallel. Captain Carl speaks at desk.
1950 newsreel clip on growth of the television industry in the United States. Announcer notes the popularity of athletic events on TV (especially baseball) . Shots of game between Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants at the Giants' stadium, the Polo Grounds. Vintage TV cameras marked 'WPIX' capture the action. #36 Don Newcombe of the Dodgers pitches to #12 Eddie Stanky of the Giants. Cameras transmit game to TV control center, which sends signal to home antennas. Woman and three boys seen watching the game at home on a small 1950s-era TV. Scene shifts to horse racing, with camera marked NBC WNBT capturing an unknown horse race. Men at bar seen watching the race.