Berlin Crisis: Communists erecting Berlin wall in Berlin, Germany. Some east Germans escape.
Berlin Germany Date:1961, August 13 Duration:4 min 6 sec Sound:Yes
Communist guards armed at border of West and East Berlin. Early construction scenes of the Berlin Wall, being erected by communist East Germany to restrict entry and exit. Gardens being cleared to create death strip. Photographers taking pictures of the wall building operations are sprayed by military with high power water hoses from armored vehicles. American tanks roll out on streets as a security measure. Aerial views of additional newly constructed barb wire runs encircling all of East Berlin. People bid sad good bye across the wall, shaking hands and exchanging words under watchful eyes of East German guards. Woman cries as she bids farewell to another woman from across barbed wire. Communist soldiers using reflective mirrors and tear gas smoke to block wall construction and eviction of persons at border. People living near the wall on Bernauer Strasse evacuate their apartments and some jump successfully out of windows into the West Berlin side. A couple is seen jumping from their low window into West Germany. A 76 year old woman, Frieda Schulz, is seen escaping. She is being held at the same time by east German authorities who have her arms, while a West German crowd below tugs and frees her and she falls into a waiting rescue net on the West Berlin side. Still image seen of body of Günter Litfin as it is hauled from the River Spree following a failed escape attempt. Two women shake hands over the barbed wire and say goodbye. One of the women holds a handkerchief and cries as the other woman departs. Crowd at gate of a border cemetery encourages a east German soldier guard to escape. The soldier is seen climbing the cemetery fence and he jumps to safety. A newlywed couple on their wedding day in West German is seen waving tearfully to an elderly couple in a high rise apartment building on the East Berlin side. The couple is the parents of the bride and cannot be present for her wedding.
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