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Dayton Ohio USA 1945 stock footage and images

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Documentary titled " A Community at War" describes how Dayton,Ohio plans to increase the number of persons employed in its war plants

Film opens showing large factory building with all its lights on at night. Smoke stacks at industrial plant emitting white smoke against dark sky. Sparks flying outdoors from a steel plant at night. Workers inside a fabricating plant drawing a ribbon of hot steel from a roller and dragging a newly made sheet of metal across the floor. Two men with shovels stoking a furnace. Men shaping parts on forging machines. A group of men using sledge hammers to drive down pipe supports under a large piece of sheet metal. Employees at work in a crowded machine shop. A sign reading: "500 workers needed NOW Training on the job." A display of job recruitment announcements in newspapers. A room full of idle manufacturing machinery (ostensibly due to labor shortages). Sign on iron fence outside a building, reads: "Essential WAR WORK Day or Night Men and Women." Some more similar signs.Animated chart of Labor Needs with Labor supply lagging behind, superimposed on a drawing of a defense plant. Map of the USA highlighting areas of industrial might where labor shortages exist. Camera zooms in on Dayton, Ohio on the map. Aerial views all over the city of Dayton, Ohio. View from a tall building overlooking a major Dayton commercial street. The Gem City Savings building, with clock tower on top, at the corner of Third and Main streets. On April 7, 1943, two hundred leading citizens of Dayton are seen attending a meeting at which Stanley C. Allyn, President of the National Cash Register Company, is speaking. He speaks about the danger of Dayton falling behind its war production goals because of manpower difficulties. View of the audience, which includes several military officers in uniform. Allyn speaks of the potential for war work being moved elsewhere because of this, and challenges Dayton's leaders to solve the problem without requiring action from Washington. Next, an emergency committee of community leaders is seen around a table. Camera pans over attendees, including labor leaders from AF of L and CIO; Government officials present, including Area Director and Deputy Regional Director of the War Manpower Commission, and Chief of Program Requirements for the Region; leading industrialists and retailers are shown. Local officials seen include the Mayor of Dayton and Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce as well as the Commanding Army Air Forces Generals of Wright Field and Patterson field. In final scene, Stanley Allyn is seen at the head of the table, speaking to the group. He outlines three ways to obtain more war workers from the Dayton population.

Date: 1943
Duration: 6 min 8 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Recruitment of American women during World War II labor shortage in Dayton,Ohio.

A road to Dayton Ohio, crowded with cars of the 1930s. Men hitch-hiking near a sign reading: "Dayton 47." A steam locomotive pulling a passenger train,speeds past the camera. Arrows on map of Ohio, show areas around Dayton, from which defense workers are being drawn. Closeup of car wheel and tire. Another hitch-hiker at 48 miles from Dayton. Cars converging on the city of Dayton. A line of patrons extending out onto the sidewalk outside the Virginia Cafeteria at 28 East 3rd Street. Another queue of patrons with bags of clothes outside a laundry and dry cleaners establishment. A long line of patrons on the sidewalk outside of a motion picture theater, showing a Western movie starring Johnny Mack Brown and Tex Ritter. A woman places a "No Vacancies" notice over Plaza Apartments sign. Other "No Vacancies" signs posted elswhere. Men and women war plant workers queue up to board buses to factories. Some men step over a rope line to get ahead of others. Closeup of workers crowding into the entrance of a commuter train. View from inside as workers (mostly women) try to board. A long line of men and women on the sidewalk outside a corner cafeteria in a large building.Woman removing "rooms to let" sign from her apartment wiindow. A man posting a "No Vacancy" sign. The office of the War Manpower Commission Area Director. Seated around a table are are seen members of The Dayton Local Labor Management Committee (Dayton War Manpower Committee). Inquiries being received by manufacturers hiring 8 persons or more, as well as personnel officers of the local Army Air Forces Air Fields, seen in uniform. Other employers answering the inquiries. Employers signing letters to the War Manpower Commission, pledging to stop hiring full-time workers, except those approved as war essential, with the understanding that part-time workers would be referred to them as substitutes. A woman in the War Manpower Commission office types a report to the Washington office. Draftsmen at work in an office. Two women going from house-to-house soliciting women to work in the war effort. Views of various women being interviewed. One watching her young son climb on her porch railing, has to rescue him during the interview, and declined to participate. Next, a woman is seen taking small children to a building labeled "Day Nursery." View inside as women leave their small children in the care of other women providing care for them. Many children seated at tables having a meal. Closeups of some of the children. Street scene with many women pedestrians. A publication called "The War Worker," showing an illustration of a man and a woman side-by-side going to war jobs. It lists war jobs open to women (and men). A team of motion picture workers filming a woman operating a machine, in a publicity shot encouraging such war work. View of a finished film called "Dayton Women are Marching to War !." Men and women in movie theater watching the film. Reporters for radio stations WHIO and WING, interviewing women in defense plants. View inside a local home where women playing bridge are listening to the interviews on a large console radio. Views of the City of Dayton with large billboards encouraging people to get jobs to help the war effort. Newpaper headlines related to the status of the ongoing World War 2. Advertisements inside the newspaper encouraging women to get wartime jobs. Glimpse of the city. Brief view of many women inside a war plant.Aerial view of the city.

Date: 1943
Duration: 7 min 17 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German Junkers JU-29 and U.S. P-80 shown on Air Force Day at Wright Field in 1945. Orville Wright attends the event

Celebration of the 38th anniversary of the U.S. Army Air Forces, dating back to establishment of the Aeronautical Section of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, in 1907. Airmen of the Army Air Forces march in formation on the flight line at Wright Field in Dayton,Ohio. Aviation pioneer, Orville Wright, is seen in the reviewing stand. A color guard marches past the the reviewing stand. A 4-engine German Junkers JU-290 transport aircraft is seen parked on the field. (It arrived on July 31, 1945, after being flown to Wright Field from Europe, by U.S. Air Forces Colonel Harold E. Watson and co-pilot Captain Fred McIntosh,who were delivering it to Air Technical Intelligence Headquarters.) The crew of the JU-290 (named "Alles Kaputt") pose in front of it. Colonel Watson, is seen holding a Dachshund dog. The JU-290 takes off on a demonstration flight. A new U.S. P-80 "Shooting Star" jet airplane (serial number 44-84995) is rolled out for all to see. It takes off in a demonstration flight.

Date: 1945, August 2
Duration: 1 min 20 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
U.S. Army Air Forces Fair at Wright Field in October, 1945

Views of the U.S. Army Air Forces fair hosted at Wright Field, near Dayton, Ohio, in October, 1945.The highlights of the event were exhibits of captured German and Japanese aircraft, rockets, and equipment. A German V-2 Rocket Motor on display. Soldiers observe the rocket. A German Junkers Ju 388 Störtebeker multi-role aircraft on display. A German Messerschmitt ME-262 Schwalbe fighter on display. A German pilot's victories recorded on the side of a plane. Two soldiers take a look at a Japanese Kamikaze bomb. One of them gets into the bomb seat. American officers and soldiers view the exhibits. 'Alles Kaputt' written on the side of a German Junkers Ju-290 bomber (one of the candidate aircraft, with further development, in Germany's Amerika Bomber project for a long-range bomber capable of striking the United States). Soldiers walk under the plane. 'Transient Aircraft' written on the control tower building in the background. (World War II period).

Date: 1945
Duration: 2 min 1 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Dayton Ohio street, Wright home, workshop, the Wright Museum and the first glider flight of the Wright brothers in the United States.

A film 'We saw it happen' about the history of aviation in the United States. In Dayton, Ohio: Houses seen along Hawthorn Street. A still picture shows the Wright brothers in their youth. View down Hawthorn Street with several 1940s and early 1950s cars parked along the Dayton street. Exterior view of 7 Hawthorn Street, home of the Wright Brothers. Interiors of the Wright home in Dayton. The workshop of the Wright brothers. Machines in the workshop. The "Wright Cycle Co" and Wright Museum (moved from Dayton to Greenfield village in Dearborn, Michigan.) A powered engine prepared in the workshop. Sweeping view of windswept beach area of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina where the Wright brothers conducted test flights in 1900-1902. Another view of Hawthorn Street in Dayton. A boy on the sidewalk. View of the 4 cylinder airplane engine first designed by the Wright Brothers. Narrator speaks of December 17, 1903 Wright Brothers flight. View of the Wright Flyer in flight overhead. Scene changes to aerial side view of Boeing B-52 Stratofortress aircraft in flight (this is aircraft YB-52,the second XB-52). The B-52 banks left and away.

Date: 1953
Duration: 3 min 57 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
People from all walks of life switch to war work in Dayton,Ohio during World War 2.

Residents of Dayton Ohio, transfer from ordinary pursuits to perform war-critical work in World War 2. Men and women are seen lined up inside offices of the United States Employment Service (USES) in Dayton, Oho. All prospective male workers are cleared through the USES. Certain occupations are reserved for women only. Women doing needlework in their homes, switch to war work instead. One is seen filing a part in a factory. A soda jerk takes on work in a machine shop. A bootblack shining shoes, ostensibly moves into war work. Back, inside the U.S. Employment Service offices, representatives of defense plants set up tables and hire prospective workers on the spot. Workers leaving a Dayton war plant during a shift change. Cars and pedestrians during regular shopping hours in a local town. View of a downtown commercial district. The Manpower Emergency Committee in a meeting. New Store hours are posted for various businesses. A newspaper announcement of special store night hours for war workers. A company poster listing "Victory Store Hours." Dayton stores and shoppers conducting business after dark on nights when shops were open for war workers. Views of shoppers patronizing various retail stores, including a McCrory 5 and 10 cent store, a market store, and a department store. High School girls working in a ladies shop part-time, serving customers. A soldier in uniform sitting with a woman shopping for new shoes.

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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