Major events of the year 1951. Nationalization of Anglo Iranian oil refinery at Abadan, Iran. Workers at the refinery. British action leads people to protest against Britain and other western democracies on streets in Iran. Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddeq takes the matter to the United Nations. Delegates of various countries at the meeting. The United Nations headquarters in New York, United states.
The United States sends aircraft to enable Iran to spray against a locust plague, in 1951. Iranian farmers are seen trying to cope with a plague of locusts, seen covering everytning in sight. The farmers chase them with cloths and use watering cans to dispense chemicals. A DC-4 transport aircraft taxis in after landing in Iran. The aircraft carries several small Piper Super Cub 135 airplanes and a croip duster, all equipped for aerial spraying. View of Piper Cub being removed from the DC-4. A bi-wing crop duster airplane being assembled. Several Super Cub aircraft flying low and spraying against locusts. (Note: The DC-4 aircraft is owned by United States Overseas Airlines, a non-scheduled air carrier based in Cape May New Jersey, that was contracted to combat the locust plague. The project was undertaken as part of President Truman's Point Four Program. approved by the United States Congress on June 5, 1950 in the Foreign Economic Assistance Act. )
Newsreel titled, 'Persia and the Oil Fields." Narrator chronicles discovery of oil in Persia, benefits of oil to the local economy, and British involvement via the Great Oil Company (now British Petroleum). View of barren lands in Persia (now Abadan in Iran). Oil drillers at work in a refinery amidst the barren lands. Construction of oil refinery at Abadan. Oil revenue brings benefits to the people, as shown by new bridges, school buildings, young students in classroom, and college students studying technical subjects. Professor instructs in front of a blackboard filled with mathematical formulas. Workers at metal shop machines applying new technical knowledge. Oil pipe lines laid across stretches of undeveloped land near Abadan, Iran. Crude oil bubbling from the ground. View of several British oil transport ships at a dock in the Persian Gulf, including the "British Guardian" and the "British Virtue." Narrator eludes to the then current difficulties in relations between Iran and Britain, due to the British oil embargo following Mossadegh's nationalization of Iran's oil reserves.
U.S. Envoy Averell Harriman in Tehran, Iran to settle the Anglo Iranian oil conflict. Harriman disembarks from a U.S. aircraft and is greeted by U.S. Ambassador to Iran Henry F. Grady. He climbs up the steps of the palace of the Shah of Iran when he goes to pay his respects. Harriman with government officials. Protest by the communists in the Parliament Square. People holding placards demonstrate. Police on horseback try to control the crowd. Harriman in conference with Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq.
W. Averell Harriman and Mrs. Harriman sit with Iranian officer.,Harriman and Henry Grady with escorts. Harriman ascends steps into building followed by Grady. Iranian flag on the building. Harriman and Grady greet Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran. Harriiman and Vernon Walters confer with Dr. Mohammed Mmossadegh, Prime Minister of Iran. Harriman and Grady walk by American flag flying from flag pole in garden.
U.S. Ambassador to Iran, Henry Grady, walks with a manager of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, at its main facility in Abadan, Iran. The manager is explaining aspects of the plant to Grady. Next, the manager is seen pointing out features of the facility to W.Averell Harriman, President Truman's personal representative, as Ambassador Grady stands behind them. Change of scene, shows the manager and ambassador Grady high on a platform overlooking the facility, as Harriman joins them. They stand with huge pipes behind them as the manager points out items of interest in the expanse of petroleum tanks and other things below them. View from behind the guests and accompanying escorts, looking out at set of 13 tall chimneys rising from building in the facility yards below. More clusters of chimneys are seen in far background.