The film 'Sea power in the Pacific' showing Japanese dominance in China and at start of World War 2. Then it chronicles U.S. efforts to build Navy and fight back on sea and in the air. Opening scene shows Japanese Mitsubishi G3M (Type 96) bombers high overhead, and then closeup in formation. View from bomber of bomb bays open with bombs falling and view from ground of explosions and destruction. Overlay on film says: "China---1931." (This is not correct. The G3M bomber was not yet in service.) This film depicts Japanese attacks during second Sino-Japanese War, commencing 1937, Chinese civilians running to escape Jap;anese bombing of Singapore. Buildings destroyed and on fire. Next, Japanese troops, carrying the Rising Sun flag, are seen establishing a beachhead in an Amphibious assault. More scenes of Japanese infantry advancing through Singapore, ad it is being destroyed and burned. Soldiers charging along an alleyway, with pagoda in background. Next, Japanese soldiers are seen attacking Nanking, and committing atrocities during the so-called "Rape of Nanking," in December, 1937. Chinese civilians being summarily shot and dumped into a large open grave. Two Chinese prisoners with hands bound, being executed by rifle fire. Jubilant Japanese troops celebrating their victory. Map shows areas of China occupied during second Sino-Japanese war and the East Indies to the South. View of oil tanks; an open pit tin mine; a native cutting rubber tree bark to collect latex. Flags on map show regions of English, French, and Dutch colonial interest. It also shows Islands to the East, fortified by the Japanese. Cartoon shows Japanese soldier opposed by and American sailor (representing U.S. Sea Power). Next, famous images of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941, are shown, including the USS Arizona burning and sinking. Hawaii, Midway, Wake, and the Philippines Islands, are highlighted on a map and Japanese control of the Pacific is illustrated. Japanese soldiers are seen displaying a captured American flag. U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright is seen surrendering the garrison at Corregidor, on May 6, 1942. View of Japanese General Masahara Homma discussing surrender terms with Wainright. Map shows interlocking web of Japanese fortified bases in Pacific and need for seapower to oppose it. View of American shipyard with hundreds of workers, employed to build ships for the war effort, in World War 2. Views welding, metal fabrication, and other shipbuilding activity. A new ship going down the ways and a woman christening a new ship with splash from bottle of champagne. A new "Liberty Ship," the Richard Bassett, going down the ways at Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard Inc. Baltimore, Maryland. Closeup view as the stern of another ship enters the water upon launching. View of it from a distance. Shipyard workers knock supports from under what may be a landing craft, as it is launched. Japanese warships underway in the Pacific and firing their naval guns. Explosions on a shoreline from naval bombardment. Japanese infantry wading ashore during an amphibious assault. Map shows where Japanese forces attempt an amphibious assault on Southern New Guinea, thwarted by the U.S. Navy in the battle of the Coral Sea of May, 1942. In June, 1942, a Japanese attempt against Midway Island, was again checked by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of Midway. View of USS Wasp (CV-7) carrier deck filled with airplanes, including Grumman F4F Wildcats. A Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber being cleared for takeoff from the Wasp. Gun camera film showing Japanese airplanes being shot down by pursuing U.S. aircraft.
United States Coast Guard operations in World War 2. Underwater views of ship's anchors being weighed, Convoy of U.S. ships in Pacific Theater, in July, 1942. The Attack Transport, USS Hunter Liggett underway, with crews doing amphibious training. Members of the 1st Marine Division aboard USS Hunter Liggett with Coast Guardsmen. Officers confer aboard vessel. Marines read books on ship. August 7, 1942, U.S. Marines begin amphibious assault against Japanese on Guadalcanal. Naval guns bombard Guadalcanal Island. Marines descend from the USS Hunter Liggett, on nets and enter LCVPs (Higgins boats) operated by Coast Guardsmen, to assault the island. Marines hit the beach from the boats. Marines firing small howitzers and advancing on the island. November 7, 1942, convoy of eight hundred ships en route to North Africa. Warships bombard the shore. An officer observes through binoculars. British and American troops descend on nets into LCVPs from Attack transports: USS Joseph T. Dickman (APA-13);USS Leonard Wood (APA-12); and USS Samuel Chase (APA-26). Troops hit the beaches of North Africa, under fire.
Animated map shows Guadalcanal, where Japanese were building up a base to interdict Allied supply routes to Australia, in World War 2. U.S. marines in full battle gear board a troop transport ship. Convoy of transport ships headed to Guadalcanal. A Benham class destroyer bombarding the island from close range. On 8 August, 1942, the day after the amphibious assault on Guadalcanal, U.S. marines of the 3rd Defense Battalion, are seen descending rope net from the Transport ship USS Zeilin (AP-9, later designated APA-3) to enter landing craft headed ashore to reinforce marines fighting Japanese defenders on Tulagi, Gavutu, and Tanambogo, in the Solomon Islands. U.S. ship firing its guns. U.S. marines wading ashore, relatively unapposed at Guadalcanal, on 7 August, 1942. U.S. Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber taking off from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. Two officers with large binoculars are seen aboard a Japanese warship flying her Naval ensign. A Japanese Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber (Kate) taking off from carrier. A formation of Japanese Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (Oscar) or Ki-44 Shōki (Tojo) aircraft in flight. Closeup of two overhead in silhouette. Glimpse of U.S. carrier (USS Wasp?) taking evasive action. Sky filled with puffs of black Flak at low altitude and contrails from dogfights at high altitude. Closeup of a Japanese Mitsubishi B5M Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber (Mabel) with others in formation in background. Bombs falling. View from carrier island of sailors running across deck of U.S. Carrier with smoke rising at site of bomb strike. Smoke obscuring the deck and beginning to clear. View from different U.S. carrier deck, past parked aircraft, to a camouflaged U.S. destroyer approaching astern. Carrier deck with Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers parked at its end, and black flak clouds overhead. Several night naval gun battle scenes followed by view of burning Japanese ship. Closeup of the wreck of the Japanese transport ship, Kinugawa Maru and views of other Japanese ships burning. U.S. army troops are seen marching along the sides of a road as they arrive in December, 1942, to relieve the marines on Guadalcanal. View of the embarkation operation on the shore as marines prepare to depart. Marines getting aboard Higgins boats (landing craft) for transport out to their transport ship, the USS Neville (AP-16, later redesignated APA-9).
Scenes from the Naval Battle of Midway, in World War 2. A helmeted sailor, on deck of a U.S warship, silhouetted next to a propeller blade. A Fletcher-class U.S. Navy destroyer in background. View from near top of a Curtiss SOC Seagull airplane on the USS Portland (CA-33),as she fires two of her 5 inch antiaircraft guns, amidship,during the battle of Midway. Air is filled with low-altitude black flak smoke. A Japanese G4M1 model 11 ("Betty") bomber flies close by at low altitude across the line of sight. Smoke rises from the Portland's gunfire. Another Betty bomber low over the water in far background. Aerial view of a burning Japanese cruiser, far below, maneuvering to evade American attacks. View from U.S. airplane circling closer to the smoking Japanese cruiser. Closeups of panned stills showing severely damaged Japanese warships. Scene shifts to a large formation of Navy personnel in dress whites, where U.S. Admiral Chester Nimitz is decorating navy personnel who distinguished themselves in the battle. Nimitz sits, visiting a wounded sailor, at a hospital. U.S.Army Air Forces B-17 Crews, who bombed Japanese ships, are seen being interviewed on Midway Island. Scene shifts to war plants in the United States where warplanes are being manufactured. B-24 Liberator bombers being rolled out of a plant. Graduation ceremony at the U.S. Naval academy, in Annapolis, Maryland. Spectators watch as the cadet corps parades. View inside the historic hall of the old academy filled with spectators, cadets graduate a year early due to the war. Graduating cadets shaking hands with Academy administrators. Cadets of the class of 1943 cheer and throw their hats in the air at end of commencement ceremonies on June 19, 1942.
Attack on Wotje Island, February 1, 1942. Crew members move F4F-3 Wildcat's and Douglas Dauntless SBD aircraft across crowded flight deck of the U.S. aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CV-6) during raid against Japanese positions in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands, by Task Force 8, of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, commanded by Vice Admiral William Frederick Halsey, Jr, during World War 2. Oversize U.S. stars are evident on the aircraft, at this early stage of the war (1942). Crewmen roll bombs, on dollies, across the deck. F4F Hellcat aircraft sit with engines running as some Douglas Dauntless aircraft commence take off. The destroyer USS Gridley, DD-380 passes abeam the Enterprise at time 00:37. A Curtiss SOC Seagull airplane catapults from the heavy cruiser USS Northampton, CA-26. Several U.S. aircraft seen in flight. View from stern of a U.S. heavy Cruiser as a destroyer crosses her wake, behind. The heavy cruiser USS Northampton, CA-26 and the heavy cruiser USS Salt Lake City, CA-25, in background (time 1:09 to 1:11) bombard Wotje island. Black smoke billows from a ship burning close to shore. Brief glimpse of the heavy cruiser USS Northampton, CA-26's triple battery of 8-inch guns. The heavy cruiser USS Salt Lake City, CA-25 fires a broad side. Scene from the stern of heavy cruiser with fires burning on Wotje Island in background. Formation of Japanese aircraft attacking U.S. ships are fired upon by antiaircraft guns. Black flak bursts seen in the sky. Vice Admiral Halsey consulting with other officers aboard his flagship, USS Enterprise.
A newsreel compilation of several unrelated shots. A P-40 of the 57th Fighter Group takes off from deck of the USS Ranger (CV-4). In an unrelated shot, a view looking back past tail of an aircraft after takeoff, with the USS Enterprise behind. A Douglas Dauntless airplane takes off from a Yorktown class carrier. View back past its tail in a pre-war shot as an airplane leaves the Lexington behind. On Feb. 20, 1942, during World War 2, while en route to attack Rabaul,in New Guinea, the Lexington is attacked by eighteen Japanese planes. She shoots down several of them. Machine gunners firing. Bombs bursting in water near the ship. An F4F with collapsed landing gear near edge of flight deck. Black smoke rising from burning Japanese plane in water. Sky blackened with flak. Machine gun tracer bullets visible. Inserted scenes show the stern of a British carrier, and views of a bombing attack in the Mediterranean against a British Illustrious class carrier. Another inserted scene shows a lone sailor running the length of the flight deck on the USS Enterprise in the Battle of Santa Cruz. A Japanese airplane bursts into flames. Another is struck and dives trailing smoke.( An inserted view of U.S. Douglas TBD Devastators peeling off and launching torpedoes.) Douglas Dauntless aircraft recovering back on the Lexington. Flight deck full of aircraft as the Lexington makes way in the Pacific. Animated segment showing numerous drawings of aircraft carriers and airplanes headed toward Japan. (Inserted view of Four U.S. aircraft carriers, USS Lexington, USS Ranger, USS Yorktown, and USS Enterprise seen together in prewar maneuvers.)