The swearing-in ceremony of Brazil's new President Eurico Gaspar Dutra in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Eurico Gaspar Dutra acclaimed as the new President of Brazil. Aircraft carrier USS Franklin D Roosevelt (CV-42) arrives for the ceremony, at the mouth of Guanabara Bay with Sugarloaf Mountain in the background. Aircraft in flight overhead. The Mayor of New York, Fiorello Henry La Guardia also arrives for the ceremony. Mayor LaGuardia along with other officials coming out of an aircraft. People gather in a large number to greet him. Officials gather at the congress for the ceremony. Eurico Dutra along with officials arrive in a car at the Palace (Palacio Tiradentes). Eurico Gaspar Dutra being sworn in as the President of Brazil in the Hall of Congress after being handed over the reins by provisional President Jose Linhares. The new President, the first in Brazil elected by direct popular vote, shakes hands with other officials and dignitaries.
Opening scene shows U.S. State Department officials of the Division of the American Republics in a meeting. They examine a map titled "Inter-American Highway" showing a proposed highway running from the border of the U.S. and Mexico at Laredo Texas, all the way through Mexico, Latin America, and into South America. View of South American farmers loading hay into a horse cart, then of cattle in a stockyard being herded by a cowboy on a horse. Aerial view of city of Rio de Janeiro Brazil circa 1938. Narrator discusses threat of dictatorships in countries of South America. Views of German ships and German contracted ships loading and unloading at Buenos Aires harbor. Narrator describes system of barter where Argentina sends goods to Germany in exchange for German-made goods. Swastika flag on one of the cargo ships. Dock crane with German sign "Deutsche Maschinenfabrik A.G. Duisburg". Letters on side of a ship reads 'Buenos Aires Maru'. Supplies unloaded from ship. Cargo stacked including wooden boxes with German writing labeled "Vorsicht - San Paulo Brasilien". In a Latin American or South American city, view of the storefront for luxury goods by Herm Stoltz & Co. A Nazi German flag hangs above the store entrance. Fine leather goods, cameras, figurines, steins, etc from Germany are shown in store window displays. View of Nazi German books on display in storefronts, including closeup of translated book "Mein Kampf" ("Mi Lucha") by Adolf Hitler, bearing an image of Hitler on front cover. A German passenger aircraft parked at an airfield, which narrator describes as being part of a German airline offering service to South America within two days of Berlin, Germany. More German airplanes are shown at an airport in South America. View of government offices in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. Large crest with a bird atop an entrance. Interior office view of President Getúlio Vargas of Brazil seated in discussion with American diplomats. Narrator indicates that Vargas learned of German colonists in Brazil planning his overthrow by assassination, and therefore outlawed all Nazi activity. Poster of Vargas communicating his policies. Scene switches to exterior view of the State, War, and Navy Building (later the Executive Office Building) in Washington DC, with the First Division Monument in the foreground. Interior view of office door bearing sign for Under Secretary of State. Inside, Sumner Welles is seen in discussion with officials. He is asked about the American attitude toward Latin America. Welles describes the importance of strengthening ties between the countries of the Americas. Under Secretary Welles states that the welfare of all of the countries in the region may depend on their continued solidarity.
Kittens at a zoo in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Two kittens of a leopard family play in a cage in the zoo. Kittens with their mother in the cage. The father leopard looks on after the parents were separated.
Brazil enters World War II against Germany. Map of Brazil shown. Crowds gather on the streets of Rio de Janeiro as war is declared. German embassy is closed for safety of Brazil. Stores and shops are closed in Axis countries. Axis ships are confiscated at sea. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President of Brazil Getúlio Dornelles Vargas meet and sign documents of alliance between two nations. Lend-lease military equipment is unloaded from ships. U.S. and Brazilian pilots meet. U.S. pilots give training to Brazilian pilots. Planes take off. Brazilian pilots fly trainer planes to Brazil from the U.S. Flags of Brazil at mast. Brazilian airplanes take off for patrolling the coast. Brazilian ships depart from Brazilian shipyard. Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas promises to defend the coast of Brazil. Ships underway at sea. U.S. sailors stand at attention aboard a ship at a Brazilian port. Workers work in an ordnance factory. Brazilian armed forces and U.S. troops march parade. Military equipment pass on road.
UN General Assembly approves an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge II, and French ambassador, Henri Hoppenot,speaking. Finn Moe, of Norway, speaking. View of the city of Kjeller,Norway. Flags of Norway and the Netherlandsat joint atomic laboratory. Scientists with various pieces of scientific equipmentinside the facility. Indian ambassador, Krishna Menon, speaking at the United Nations. Atomic laboratory and a Government Teachers' Training College,in India.Indian scientists in a laboratory. Indian lecturer speaks to students.Brazil's Professor Ernesto Leme, speaksat the UN.The city of Sao Paulo, Brazil.The University of Sao Paulo. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Center for Physical Research. Clock tower of Brazil Central Station in Rio. Sutan Sjahrir,of Indonesia at the United Nations. An animated map shows nations interested in atomic energy. The UN Headquarters building on the East River in New York. A person looking through a microscope.Foreign scientists attending indoctrination courses at the U.S. Argonne National Laboratory. Diplomats sign agreement between the U.S. and Philippines on nuclear research(July 27, 1955).Views of Geneva Switzerland;the Palace of Nations; and Indian nuclear physicist, Homi Jehangir Bhabha, presiding over conference of scientists from 73 nations, including, inter alia, John Cockcroft, of Great Britain; Otto Hahn, of Germany; Willard Libby, of the U.S.A.;. Vladimir Vexler, of the Soviet Union; and Niels Bohr, of Denmark.President Dwight Eisenhower views swimming pool reactor, while visiting the exhibit hall.
Segment of U.S. Information Agency film describing its world-wide operations. Map shows 217 overseas posts in 17 countries, of the USIA (also known abroad, as the U.S. Information Service). Animated map zooms in on one post, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Aerial view of Sugar Loaf Mountain overlooking the harbor and city. Street scene in Rio. USIA Public Affairs Officer, William A. Wieland, is seen walking along a sidewalk in the city. Next he is seen in the office of Ambassador James S. Kemper, briefing him about USIA activities. View of the Brazilian Foreign Office building. Mr. Wieland meets with the Chief of the Cultural Division there. Book stacks in the USIA Thomas Jefferson Library in Rio de Janeiro. Mr. Wieland conferring with a librarian. He is also seen at the USIA broadcast facility in the U.S. Embassy. Film shifts to street scene in Cebu, the Philippines. A building displaying American and Philippine flags, is labeled: " United States Information Service." Inside, and American and a Filipino worker give bundles of literature to local workers for distribution. One, a bus driver, carries his bundle onto his open-sided bus, displaying the name, "Cebu, Autobus." He waves as he drives away. The USIA Public Affairs Officer is seen visiting the Mayor of Cebu City, Vincente S. del Rosario; giving a news release to the editor of a newspaper; broadcasting on local radio;and socializing with local editors. USIA drive a mobile movie van into a remote village where many children are playing. They set up a screen and projector. Almost everyone in town attends the showing. Scene shifts to USIA headquarters building at 1778 Pennsylvanis Avenue,in Washington, DC. Director Theodore Streibert holds a staff meeting. View of President Eisenhower addressing U.S. public media leaders about confronting the Soviet Union with truthful information about the U.S. and the West, on April 16, 1953,in Washington, DC. A USIA technician transmitting text of the speech to its public affairs officers around the world. Views of newspapers carrying the story in Paraquay, Ireland,Algeria, and Burma. The President's speech was printed in a pamphlet entitled "The Peace We Seek," ahd sent abroad where it was translated into Arabic,Japanese, Persian, and 20 other languages. Four million copies were distributed. Posters about the speech were also distributed.