Nanking China Date:1937 Duration:5 min 19 sec Sound:Yes
Massacres in Nanking during second Sino-Japanese war. Japanese army troops and Type 89 I-Go tanks enter city gates to occupy Nanking, China. they break into a building and take away a Chinese man on a rope tether. Chinese inhabitants confined by the city walls are unable to escape brutal treatment by Japanese soldiers who are seen dragging men, women and children to be shot. Many are herded into a pit where Japanese soldiers standing above, execute them with rifle fire, as others fill the pit with earth, burying any survivors, alive. Two Chinese kneeling with arms tied behind them are summarily executed by soldiers with rifles. A Japanese officer follows with a pistol to assure their death. Bodies of slain Chinese civilians litter an alleyway. Many scenes of dead Chinese. (Narrator states that Japanese troops murdered 40 thousand men, women and children.) Japanese Field Marshal Count Terauchi Hisaichi is seen stepping from a transport airplane, followed by Field Marshal Shunroku Hata. Count Terauchi looks pleased as he is greeted and exchanges salutes with other officers. Next, the scene reverts, again to the horrors of Chinese peoples' suffering in Nanking, at the hands of the Japanese soldiers. Views of injured and wounded Chinese civilians, at a hospital, in pictures taken by an American Missionary, and smuggled out of china. A woman holding her injured husband as he lies against a cushion in a street. A small child stands near them. Scene shifts to a smiling Field Marshal Shunroku Hata, greeting local commanders, while photographers record the event in background. Views revert to the destruction and human tragedy in Nanking. A picture of Chinese leader, Sun Yat Sen. Chiang Kai-Shek speaking at a podium, and other Chinese political leaders speaking to gathered people, throughout unoccupied China, encouraging them to unite and resist Japanese aggression. Chinese people parading with banners to encourage resistance. Chinese soldiers and political leaders collaborating to raise armies. Chiang Kai-Shek ascending to Political leadership, exhorting Chinese to unite and fight the Japanese. Numerous scenes of rallies calling for unity and resistance. Chinese military officers standing as Chiang Kai-Shek enters a planning session. He sits and then they do. Behind him on the wall is a map of China. Closeup of Chiang as he outlines a strategy to slowly yield territory to Japanese invaders, to buy time for developing and arming Chinese forces. One of his staff goes to a wall map and gestures as he speaks. Next, Chinese soldiers are seen setting dynamite charges and blowing up lines of communication (roads). Chinese people pour petrol on grain fields and set them ablaze. Factory buildings being blown up and similar destruction as China pursues a "scorched earth" policy to hinder the Japanese invaders. Millions of Chinese people on the move to Western parts of China. (Narrator calls this the greatest human migration ever recorded.)
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